Cartographic Relief Presentation

Front Cover
ESRI, Inc., 2007 - Technology & Engineering - 388 pages
2 Reviews
"This new edition of Cartographic Relief Presentation was edited for clarity and consistency but preserves Imhof's insightful commentary and analytical style. Color maps, aerial photographs, and instructive illustrations are faithfully reproduced. The book offers guidelines for properly rendering terrain in maps of all types and scales whether drawn by traditional means or with the aid of a computer. Cartographic Relief Presentation was among the essential mapping and graphical design books of the twentieth century. Its continuing relevance for the twenty-first century is assured with this publication."--BOOK JACKET.
 

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This is a reproduction of the 1982 English translation (with minor changes) of Imhof's classic 1965 book. The material considers the state of the art of representing elevation on a map, as at 1965, and so does not address issues related to representation on a screen. That said, this is perhaps the most comprehensive and thorough book on the subject, ever. Discussing both quantitative and qualitative methods in great depth, Imhof presents wonderful examples in black and white as well as color, describes processes to get the results desired, and considers the psychological aspects of communicating spatial information. Highly recommended as a resource for everyone interested in cartography and communicating spatial information. 

Contents

Chapter
1
The Topographic Foundations
15
Status and quality of the topographic mapping of the earths surface
38
B On landscape drawing
44
Binocular viewing of stereopairs
52
Chapter 5
75
The use of terrain models
76
Basic factors affecting the ability to see spatial depth and solidity
78
Transfer to the printing plates
201
The advantages and disadvantages of shading and shadow tones
202
Combined shading
203
Oblique hillshading
204
G Oblique hillshading of the ocean floor
205
Chapter 10
213
The shadow hachure
224
H Horizontal hachures
230

Which of the spatial depth or solidity effects can be used in map design?
79
The fiction of the contour blanket
80
An experiment
81
The progress of the direct technique
83
Dualism and individuality of cartographic representation
84
The generalization and the interplay of the graphic elements
85
The achievements to be sought after
86
Chapter 6
87
The cartographic significance of spot heights
88
Datum levels
89
The nature of spot height accuracies
92
The number and density of spot heights
93
Selection of spot heights general
94
Some special cases
95
d Streams and rivers
96
Spot heights of points on lake bottoms with reference to sea level
97
c Styles of numerals for the values
99
g Colors of spot heights and depths
100
Combination of the various height and depth data and the style of their symbols
101
Chapter 7
105
Chapter 8
111
Generalization of contours
126
Relationships between survey accuracy and generalization
134
G Clarity of contours and the untenable theory of vertical lighting
145
The employment of contours for elevations and depressions
154
Chapter 9
159
B Slope shading
162
Graphic procedure
164
Oblique hillshading or shadow depiction under oblique light
166
Geometric and topographic models
168
The drawing of forms
169
Shadow tones in flat areas
171
Highlights
172
The direction of the light and its local adjustment
173
Untenable theories
177
South lighting
178
The master
185
Four difficult cases Illustrating the importance of impression
186
Small details in the land surface
187
Generalization of threedimensionally shaded land forms
188
Shading color and shading strength
190
Shading tones on glaciers and permanent snowfields
192
Combined shading
194
Graphic representation
195
E Drawing material and drawing techniques
196
Working with drawing pencil watercolor brush or airbrush
198
Adding light to flat surfaces
199
Shading originals on graytone film
200
B Geomorphological examination of some rock formations
236
Form analysis
251
G Critical examination and application of the different methods of rock drawing
279
Chapter 12
283
B Natural and conventional colors
296
E Heights of hypsometric steps on land
312
Steps of equal area
314
Steps based on an arithmetical progression or additive steps figure 205
316
Steps based on a geometric progression
317
F The depths of bathymetric steps
318
G Adjusting the color tones to the steps
320
H Further remarks on the representation of elevation steps
321
Graphic design and generalization
322
Legends for layertinted maps
323
Interplay of Elements
325
Conceptual graphic and technical aspects of interplay
326
Consistent generalization and good standardization
327
Careful emphasis and restraint Mutual relationships between things
328
Overlapping discontinuities substitution
329
Displacement narrow passes
331
Changes in tint value resulting from combination
332
Terrain representation and textual matter
333
a Combinations for large and mediumscale maps
334
Rock depiction by means of contours skeletal lines and hachures
335
Rock drawing and oblique hillshading
336
Hillshaded and colored maps of medium and large scales without contours
337
Contours and rock portrayal combined with hillshading and color tones
340
b Combinations for smallscale maps
342
Shaded hachures and hypsometric tints
343
Oblique hillshading combined with hypsometric tints in smallscale maps
344
Contours with equal vertical intervals hachures and hypsometric tints
345
Chapter 15
347
Cartographic reproduction by photomechanical or electronic color separation of multicolored originals
348
Some observations on drawing technique
350
a Adjustment of hypsometric layer outlines to the forms of relief shading
351
The printing sequence
353
Chapter 16
355
Is the map production technology of today equal to such requirements?
356
On the nature of cartographic representation
357
On art in cartography
359
Good maps are not always more expensive than bad maps
360
The key to progress
361
Bibliography
363
Supplementary Bibliography
375
Index
381
Color plates 114
389
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