Cash-transfer Programming in Emergencies
Pantaleo Creti, Susanne Jaspars
Oxfam, 2006 - Social Science - 107 pages
In emergencies distributing cash can often meet peoples immediate needs more quickly and appropriately than the direct distribution of commodities. Cash gives people choices and thereby preserves their dignity. Commodity distribution often poses logistical problems and, in the case of food aid, it may disrupt local markets. But among humanitarian agencies there are fears that cash transfers will pose security risks, create inflation and fail to be used to meet basic needs. In this guide, the first of its kind, Oxfam staff present the rationale behind cash-transfer programmes. They explain how to assess whether cash is the most appropriate response to any particular emergency. Different types of cash intervention are compared - cash grants, vouchers and cash-for-work with checklists to explain how to implement each of them. The book draws on the practical experience of Oxfam and other agencies, including responses to the devastation caused by the Indian Ocean tsunami in December 2004. The guidelines are primarily intended for NGO personnel: programme managers, food-security specialists, public-health engineers, finance staff and logisticians. Policy makers in donor organisations and international agencies will also find them relevant.
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Aceh activities Afghanistan appropriate areas assistance Bangladesh bank baseline survey beneficiaries Cap-Haitien cash distributions cash grants cash interventions cash programmes cash transfers cash vouchers cash-for-work programme cash-transfer programmes CFW programmes CFW projects commodity distributions community-based targeting considered context coping strategies costs criteria De-silting disaster distributing cash ensure essential example exchange food aid food and income food and non-food food availability food vouchers food-security gender Haiti identify impact implement cash implementing agency in-kind Indonesia insecurity Kenya livelihood assets livelihood groups meet their basic middlemen minimise Monitoring and evaluation non-food items normal organised Overseas Development Institute Oxfam GB participants people's purchase recipients relief committees response risk of inflation security risks seed and livestock selection sellers shops specific Sri Lanka staff stakeholders supply traders transport tsunami Turkana types of cash Uganda voucher programmes vouchers and fairs wage women Zimbabwe