Catalonia's Advocates: Lawyers, Society, and Politics in Barcelona, 1759-1900
Offering a window into the history of the modern legal profession in Western Europe, Stephen Jacobson presents a history of lawyers in the most industrialized city on the Mediterranean. Far from being mere curators of static law, Barcelona's lawyers were at the center of social conflict and political and economic change, mediating between state, family, and society.
Beginning with the resurrection of a decadent bar during the Enlightenment, Jacobson traces the historical evolution of lawyers throughout the long nineteenth century. Among the issues he explores are the attributes of the modern legal profession, how lawyers engaged with the Enlightenment, how they molded events in the Age of Revolution and helped consolidate a liberal constitutional order, why a liberal profession became conservative and corporatist, and how lawyers promoted fin-de-siecle nationalism.
From the vantage point of a city with a distinguished legal tradition, Catalonia's Advocates provides fresh insight into European social and legal history; the origins of liberal professionalism; education, training, and the practice of law in the nineteenth century; the expansion of continental bureaucracies; and the corporatist aspects of modern nationalism.
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abogado absolutist Academia de Jurisprudencia Academy of Jurisprudence advocates AGHUB agrarian appear artisans Audiencia Ayats bar’s Barcelona bar Barcelona lawyers became caja Carlist Català Catalan language Catalan law Catalan nationalism Catalanists Catalonia Cataluña Catalunya civil code civil law clients codification College of Lawyers commercial conservative constitutional courts criminal Crown of Aragon dean decades derecho eighteenth century elite emphyteusis enlightened Europe foral foral law France Francesc French history of Barcelona industrial institutions Josep judges judicial juntas juridical jurists justice lawsuits legal tradition liberal litigation Lleida Madrid magistrates Maluquer Manuel Duran Martí meves noces militias modern monarchy municipal nationalism nineteenth century notaries Old Regime parties peasant Permanyer persons political practice practitioners procedure profession professional professors public defender Ramon reform region revolution revolutionary Roman law Roure royal Serrahima society Spain Spanish Spanish Civil Code Tarragona tion Vergés young lawyers