Catching Up to Leadership: The Role of Technology-support Institutions in Japan's Casting Sector, Volumes 23-384
World Bank Publications, Jan 1, 1997 - Technology & Engineering - 31 pages
World Bank Discussion Paper No. 376. Though Vietnam has made impressive progress in providing widespread access to basic social services, the quantity and quality of the countrys social service provision have shown signs of deterioration within the last two decades. This paper examines the changing role of the public sector in financing and providing social services and safety nets in Vietnam and assesses the countrys efficiency in targeting public resources to the poor in the wake of the important economic policy reforms initiated in 1989. The author analyzes the sources and uses of funds for education, health, and social transfers and highlights the emerging importance of public sector pricing policy and private out-of-pocket expenditures in social sector financing.
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Aichi Aichi Prefecture Annual Statistics Average number billion yen business associations Cast Iron Foundry Cast Iron Production casting firms casting industry Casting Sector Casting Technology companies competition consulting cooperation customer firms Development die casting disseminated Eastern Europe Finance Firm and TSI Firm H firm mail survey imported technology improved in-house incentives industry's innovative Institutions and Policies Japan's Casting Kanagawa keiretsu core firms keiretsu groups keiretsu relationship keiretsu subcontractors Labor large firms machinery Material Process Industries medium firms medium-size member firms Mie Prefectural MITI National firm mail national survey nology non-keiretsu firms non-keiretsu subcontractors oil shock parent firm percent PRIs private sector promoting Public TSIs purposive firm survey R&D capacity R&D expenditures R&D staff role Saitama Prefectural Shell Molding small and medium small firms Statistics of Material Table tech technical technological capability Technology-Support System tegic testing and analysis tion Tochigi Tokyo Total Type of Firm World Bank