Causal Models in the Social Sciences

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Hubert M. Blalock
Transaction Publishers, 1985 - Business & Economics - 448 pages
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Causal models are formal theories stating the relationships between precisely defined variables, and have become an indispensable tool of the social scientist. This book draws upon the best writing in a variety of fields to provide a comprehensive picture of contemporary work on this subject. This collection of articles stands alone as a course book on the causal modeling approach to theory construction and data analysis. There is a growing literature on causal models and structural systems of equations that crosscuts a number of different fields. However, much of this material remains widely scattered throughout the journal literature and varies considerably in terms of both level of difficulty and substantive application. This classic text by Blalock addresses and resolves this concern. The most systematic discussions of this general approach have appeared in the econometrics literature, where several general texts are available. However, many of these discussions are too technical for most sociologists, political scientists, scholars, and researchers who lack a strong background in mathematics. This book attempts to integrate a few of the less technical papers written by econometricians such as Koopmans, Wold, Strotz, and Fisher with discussions of causal approaches in the biological sciences and with relatively more exploratory treatments by sociologists and other social scientists.
 

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Contents

A Causal Interpretation
7
FourVariable Causal Models and Partial Correlations
23
Alternative
39
Association
81
SIMULTANEOUSEQUATION TECHNIQUES
95
Identification Problems in Economic Model Construction
103
An Attempt
125
The Application of a System of Simultaneous Equations
137
Sensitivity Analysis of Arbitrarily Identified Simultaneous
201
THE CAUSAL APPROACH TO MEASUREMENT ERROR
223
Theory Deduction and Rules of Correspondence
229
Estimating the Parameters of Path Models Involving
251
Multiple Indicator Models Using LISREL
263
Multiple Indicators and Complex Causal Models
395
Problems of Aggregation
403
Author Index
441

The Choice of Instrumental Variables in the Estimation
159
Two Theorems on Ceteris Paribus in the Analysis of Dynamic
189

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About the author (1985)

H.M. Blalock, Jr. (1926-1991) was professor of sociology at the University of Washington, Seattle. He was recipient of the 1973 ASA Samuel Stouffer Prize, and was a Fellow of the American Statistical Association and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and is a member of the National Academy of Sciences.

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