Causes of Delinquency
In Causes of Delinquency, Hirschi attempts to state and test a theory of delinquency, seeing in the delinquent a person relatively free of the intimate attachments, the aspirations, and the moral beliefs that bind most people to a life within the law. In prominent alternative theories, the delinquent appears either as a frustrated striver forced into delinquency by his acceptance of the goals common to us all, or as an innocent foreigner attempting to obey the rules of a society that is not in position to make the law or define conduct as good or evil. Hirschi analyzes a large body of data on delinquency collected in Western Contra Costa County, California, contrasting throughout the assumptions of the strain, control, and cultural deviance theories. He outlines the assumptions of these theories and discusses the logical and empirical difficulties attributed to each of them. Then draws from sources an outline of social control theory, the theory that informs the subsequent analysis and which is advocated here. Often listed as a "Citation Classic," Causes of Delinquency retains its force and cogency with age. It is an important volume and a necessary addition to the libraries of sociologists, criminologists, scholars and students in the area of delinquency.
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The Sample and the Data
What Is Delinquency?
The Social Distribution of Delinquency
Attachment to Parents
Attachment to the School
Attachment to Peers
Commitment to Conventional Lines of Action
Involvement in Convenuonal Acuviues
A Look Back
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academic competence activities adolescent adult Albert K analysis analytic induction Anomie answer sheet aspirations assumed assumption attachment to parents attitudes average Barbara Wootton beliefs Causes of Delinquency child Cloward and Ohlin Cohen commission of delinquent commit delinquent acts conventional correlation crime criminal Criminology cultural deviance theory David Matza delin delinquent behavior delinquent friends deviant behavior differences differential association theory Disagree effects expectations explain fact father Free Press Glueck grades high school hypothesis important intervening variable intimacy of communication Juvenile Delinquency less linquency lower-class culture Matza McCord middle-class moral mother Negro boys nondelinquents norms offenses person police records present data problem quency quent acts question questionnaire related to delinquency respect sample Self-Reported Delinquent Acts social class social control theory society stakes in conformity strain theory strongly related suggests Table Talcott Parsons teachers theorist tion values variables white boys York