Celestial Messengers: Cosmic Rays: The Story of a Scientific Adventure

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Springer Science & Business Media, Oct 14, 2012 - Science - 330 pages
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The book describes from a historical point of view how cosmic rays were discovered. The book describes the research in cosmic rays. The main focus is on how the knowledge was gained, describing the main experiments and the conclusions drawn. Biographical sketches of main researchers are provided. Cosmic rays have an official date of discovery which is linked to the famous balloon flights of the Austrian physicist Hess in 1912. The year 2012 can therefore be considered the centenary of the discovery.
 

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Contents

Cosmic Rays Chapter 1 Cosmic Rays Prologue
1
Cosmic Rays Chapter 2 The Discovery Victor F Hess and the Balloon Ascents
33
Cosmic Rays Chapter 3 The Confirmation Millikan and the Birth Cry of Created Atoms
45
Cosmic Rays Chapter 4 A Turn Things are not as they are Assumed to be
61
Cosmic Rays Chapter 5 The Earths Magnetic Field and the Geomagnetic Effects
75
Cosmic Rays Chapter 6 The Positive Electron Positron
105
Cosmic Rays Chapter 7 Electromagnetic Showers
127
Cosmic Rays Chapter 8 The Muon
145
Cosmic Rays Chapter 9 The Discovery of the π Meson the Nuclear Emulsions and the First Strange Particles
175
Cosmic Rays Chapter 10 The Extended Showers
205
Cosmic Rays Chapter 11 The Neutrino or More Precisely the Neutrinos Elusive and Weird Particles Able to Arrive from Very Far Away
229
Cosmic Rays Chapter 12 Which are the Primary Cosmic Rays?
253
Cosmic Rays Chapter 13 The Origin of Cosmic Rays
291
Cosmic Rays Author Index
318
Cosmic Rays Subject Index
325
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About the author (2012)

Mario Bertolotti received his degree in Physics from the University of Roma, Italy and became full professor of physics at the Engineering Faculty of the University of Roma “La Sapienza” from 1970 until 2008, when he retired.
After a short period at CERN, Ginevra he returned to Italy and started research on lasers, light-matter interactions, nonlinear optics, etc. He is the author of about 500 papers on peer reviewed physics journals. He is fellow of IOP, American Optical Society, Italian Physical Society, Italian Optical and Photonic Society of which he has been the president, European Optical Society in which he held and is holding several positions. He is member of European Physical Society, where he held positions several years ago. Mario Bertolotti has been member of scientific committee in several journals. He was editor of the journal Pure and Applied Optics edited by IOP, he is editor of the Journal of the European Optical Society: Rapid Publications (JEOS:RP), an electronic journal. He has been director of several summer schools in Erice, and other places.
He was also interested in the hystoric developments of physics and wrote two books on the history of lasers.
Cosmic rays were a subject of his interest altough he never worked actively in the field.

The books on the history of lasers are:
M.Bertolotti, Maser and Laser: an Historical Approach, Adam Hilger, Bristol 1983
M.Bertolotti, Storia del laser, Boringhieri, Torino 1999
M.Bertolotti, The history of the laser, IOP Publishing Ltd 2005 (translation of the Italian book)

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