Cellular Materials in Nature and Medicine
Cambridge University Press, Sep 9, 2010 - Technology & Engineering - 309 pages
Bringing to life the fascinating structures and unique mechanics of natural and biomedical cellular materials, this book is an expert guide to the subject for graduates and researchers. Arranged in three parts, it begins with a review of the mechanical properties of nature's building blocks (structural proteins, polysaccharides and minerals) and the mechanics of cellular materials. Part II then describes a wide range of cellular materials in nature: honeycomb-like materials such as wood and cork; foam-like materials including trabecular bone, plant parenchyma, coral and sponge; and composites of cellular and dense materials such as iris leaves, skulls, palm, bamboo, animal quills and plant stems. Images convey the structural similarities of different materials, whilst color property charts provide mechanical data. Part III discusses biomedical applications of cellular materials: metal foams for orthopedic applications and porous scaffolds for regenerating tissues, including the effect of scaffold properties on cell behavior.
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The materials of nature
Structure and mechanics of cellular materials
Honeycomblike materials in nature
Foamlike materials in nature
properties of the solid tissue
Cellular structures in nature
acid Ashby MF axial Balsa bamboo beam bending biological Biomaterials Biomech buckling cell behavior cell walls cell-wall cellular solids cellulose ceramics CG scaffold collagen collagen-GAG scaffold collapse stress compliant core composite compressive strength constraints coral cork cortical bone crack creep cross-section crosslinking cylindrical shell deformation elastic elastic modulus fibers fibroblasts foam-like fracture toughness Gibson and Ashby Gibson LJ Harley hexagonal honeycomb hydrogel hydroxyapatite implants increases Keaveny keratin linear elastic loading longitudinal mechanical properties metal foams micrographs microstructure mineralized motility nanoindentation natural cellular materials open-cell foams palm parenchyma permission from Elsevier plant stems plotted porous proteins radial relative density Reprinted sandwich structure scaffold scaffold pore shear specimens stiffness strain stress–strain curve strut substrate surface Table tantalum tensile tissue engineering tissue engineering scaffolds titanium foam trabecular bone tube turgor pressure typically uniaxial values wood Yannas Young’s modulus ρ ρ