Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions

Front Cover
Ida J. Llewellyn-Smith, Anthony J. M. Verberne
Oxford University Press, May 1, 2011 - Medical - 432 pages
Central autonomic circuits in the brain and spinal cord are essential to vertebrate life because they are involved in controlling all basic bodily functions, including blood pressure, feeding, body temperature regulation voiding and reproduction. This wide-ranging text emphasizes the extraordinary advances that have been made over the last 20 years in understanding how the central nervous system controls autonomic functions.
 

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Contents

1 Central Autonomic Pathways
3
Processing Information from Viscerosensory Afferents
23
An Overview
47
4 Autonomic and Neuroendocrine Roles of the Paraventricular Nucleus
62
5 The Ventrolateral Medulla and Sympathetic Regulation of Arterial Pressure
78
6 Sympathetic Preganglionic Neurons
98
7 Parasympathetic Preganglionic Neurons
120
8 Spinal Interneurons in the Control of Autonomic Function
140
Psychological Stress and the Defense Reaction
220
13 Central Autonomic Regulation of the Airways
238
14 Central Control of Gastrointestinal Function
259
15 Central Autonomic Control of the Pancreas
274
Critical Autonomic Control Centers at the BloodBrain Interface
292
17 Central Autonomic Control of Energy Homeostasis
310
18 Central Nervous System Regulation of Body Temperature
324
19 Autonomic Regulation of the Urinary Bladder and Urethra
345

9 Regulation of Autonomic Function by Visceral and Somatic Afferents
161
10 Cardiorespiratory Integration
180
11 Modulation of Autonomic Function by the Cerebral Cortex
202
20 Autonomic Regulation of Sexual Function
366
Index
383
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About the author (2011)

Ida J. Llewellyn-Smith, PhD, is Associate Professor in Medicine at Flinders University in Adelaide, Australia. She received her BA at Bryn Mawr College, and her PhD at the University of Sydney. She is best known for analyzing central nerve pathways that regulate the cardiovascular system using sophisticated light and electron microscopic techniques, many of which she developed herself. She is also Councilor of the American Physiology Society. Anthony J. M. Verberne, PhD, is a Associate Professor in the University of Melbournes Department of Medicine at Austin Health, Melbourne, Australia. He received his PhD from the University of Melbourne and in 2005 was awarded a Doctor of Science. He has served on the editorial boards of the American Journal of Physiology, the British Journal of Pharmacology and Brain Research Bulletin. His research has examined supramedullary circulatory control mechanisms, central cardiovascular reflex pathways as well as central control of pancreatic secretion and glucose homeostasis.

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