Central and Eastern Europe: The Challenge of Transition

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Oxford University Press, 1993 - Political Science - 322 pages
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The challenges and dilemmas posed to stability in the former Soviet Union, and Central and Eastern Europe by the collapse of Communist rule are undisputably wide-ranging. Recognizing the need to adopt an approach that does justice to a momentous process of change, this book focuses on the security implications of continuing developments in the political, social, economic, and military spheres. The heart of the book is a set of case studies examining in detail the situation in a number of countries: Hungary, Poland, the Czech and Slovak republics, Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, the Baltic states, the Balkan region, and the former Yugoslavia. As an introduction to the case studies, a section of essays astutely assesses recent developments in Central and Eastern Europe from a broader thematic perspective, focusing on the role of European organizations in the ethnic conflicts currently prevalent throughout the region.
 

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Contents

Introduction
3
challenges and problems
17
Economic reform in Eastern Europe
23
Prospects of democracy in the former USSR
32
Beyond communism
42
HI What difference have regional organizations made?
51
Would more norms help?
59
Conclusion
65
Creating security in the Balkans
155
Postcommunist transitions and the Balkan security
170
emerging security orientations
177
Emerging patterns and alignments
191
The domestic situation as a source of instability in
199
1 Apportionment of TLE among the Soviet successor states
221
National consciousness and political activism
231
The nuclear temptation
240

national security in a changing environment
69
Organization of military forces
85
Seeking an alignment with Western security organizations
94
security consequences of
101
The economics of the breakup
113
Military problems of the breakup of the CSFR
120
Potential risks threats and adversaries
130
The military instrument as a factor of security
140
Subregional security cooperation
151
Ukrainian national security in a nonnuclear context
246
sources of stability and instability
258
quo vadis?
283
IE Threats to Baltic security
290
Political elites
298
Conclusion
305
Index
311
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About the author (1993)

Regina Cowen Karp is at SIPRI.

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