Central Problems in the Management of Innovation
Innovation is defined as the development and implementation of new ideas by people who over time engage in transactions with others within an institutional order. This simple and seemingly innocuous definition has major implications for managing innovation. This definition focuses on four basic factors (new ideas, people, transactions, and institutional context). An understanding of how these factors are related lead to four basic problems confronting most general managers: 1) A human problem of managing attention, 2) A process problem in managing new ideas into good currency, 3) A structural problem of managing part-whole relationships, and 4) A strategic problem of institutional leadership. Appreciating these problems and their consequences provides a first step in developing a practical theory on the management of innovation. Originator supplied keywords include: Management of innovation; Innovation problems or barriers; Attention, part-whole relations; Ideas in good currency; Institutional leadership.
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action thresholds administrative innovations Administrative Science Quarterly Andrew H become behavior programs boil to death Bryson complex and interdependent Complex Organizations context contingency theory criteria decision process Deutero development of innovation double loop learning Edward Freeman environment environmental scanning game theoretic garbage can model hologram metaphor holographic principles individuals INNOVATION Andrew innovation process innovative ideas Insert Figure institutional leadership institutional processes institutionalized Janis Jossey-Bass Kimberly Lodahl Maitland management of attention management of innovation Management Research Center managing attention managing ideas managing part-whole relationships marketing minimum critical specification needed Normann organization's Organizational Design organizational participants pay attention perspective Peters and Waterman practical theory problem of managing proliferation of ideas pushing and riding requisite variety research program result Schon Search of Excellence Selznick single loop learning social stages stakeholders Starbuck Strategic Decision Strategic Management Research strategic problem structural problem technical processes technologies uncertainty University of Minnesota York