Challenges to Fingerprints
This book is the culmination of years of research. The authors have meticulously researched the field of fingerprint comparisons and now offer you an in-depth look at the reliability of this science. They cover topics such as forensic individualization, the ACE method, Automated Fingerprint Search, certification, error rates, contamination, training, and court challenges to fingerprints, among others.Beginning with a brief background into fingerprints, Ralph and Lyn Haber explain, in lay terms, the science behind forensic fingerprint comparison, and how exactly reliable is a fingerprint identification. They then take a more in-depth look into fingerprints and their use, including fingerprint comparison.
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ACE method AFIS search AFIS systems agreement amount of similarity ASCLD Ashbaugh assessed bench notes bias biasing Brandon Mayfield candidates casework certification test chain of custody Challenge Chapter cold hit comparison method conclusions correct court crime laboratories crime scene investigator crime scene latent CTS proficiency tests database described detail distortion document donor erroneous identification rate error rate Evett and Williams examiner’s exemplar fingerprints exemplar print Figure finger fingerprint comparison fingerprint evidence fingerprint examiners fingerprint profession forensic friction ridge skin Galton features ground truth Haber images inconclusive individual examiners Individualization Accuracy Langenburg latent and exemplar latent fingerprint latent print examiners latent-exemplar pairs Level match Meagher measure minutiae percent police procedures proficiency and certification quality control quantitative reliability ridge paths scientific method scores shows SOPs specified Standards for LPE Stella Lavie sufficiency standard surface suspect SWGFAST tenprint test results tion two-donor pattern unknown validity verification