Challenging Times: The Women's Movement in Canada and the United States

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Constance Backhouse, David H. Flaherty
McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP, 1992 - Social Science - 335 pages
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By allowing the reader to draw comparisons between women's movements in Canada and the United States, Challenging Times shows that certain political and theoretical issues transcend international borders, ebbing and flowing between the two countries symbiotically. Topics discussed include the origins of "second-stage feminism," the strength of the women's movement within academic structures, and the challenges posed by racial, ethnic, and class diversity; violence against women; the promise and limits of legal reform; reproductive technology; and economic discrimination. Readers who are interested in the recent history of the North American women's movement will find answers to many of their questions about the victories, defeats, and fundamental challenges facing modern feminism. Those who have been active in the current wave of feminism, either as central participants or serious critics, will find Challenging Times equally fascinating because it endeavours to provide answers to pressing questions about the nature of feminism, the inter-relationships and tensions between different sectors of the movement, and the prospects for future growth. Many of the contributors to this volume have lived through and personally shaped the unfolding of the rich history of North American feminism. In addition to Backhouse and Flaherty, the contributors are Catharine A. MacKinnon, Greta Hofmann Nemiroff, Monique Bégin, Mariana Valverde, Naomi Black, Marjorie Griffin Cohen, Micheline de Sčve, Micheline Dumont, Margrit Eichler, Sara M. Evans, Marianne A. Ferber, Lorraine Greaves, Marjorie Heins, M. Patricia Fernández Kelly, Patricia A. Monture-Okanee, Arun Mukherjee, Jean F. O'Barr, Christine Overall, Glenda Simms, and Jill Vickers.
 

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Contents

The Contemporary Womens Movements in Canada and the United States An Introduction
3
THE ORIGINS OF THE CONTEMPORARY WOMENS MOVEMENT IN CANADA AND THE UNITED STATES
17
The Royal Commission on the Status of Women in Canada Twenty Years Later
21
The Intellectual Origins of the Womens Movements in Canada
39
The Womens Movement in the United States in the 1960s
61
The Origins of the Womens Movement in Quebec
72
THE DEVELOPMENT AND INTERACTIONS OF THE WOMENS MOVEMENT IN CANADA AND THE UNITED STATES SINCE THE 1960s
91
Ripples in the Second Wave Comparing the Contemporary Womens Movement in Canada and the United States
94
Beyond the White Veil
175
VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN
183
Feminist Approaches to Sexual Assault in Canada and the United States A Brief Retrospective
186
The Violence We Women Do A First Nations View
193
WOMEN AND THE ECONOMY
201
Women and the American Economy
205
The Canadian Womens Movement and Its Efforts to Influence the Canadian Economy
215
Affirmative Action and Womens Rights in the Reign of Chief Justice William Rehnquist
225

The Perspectives of Quebec Feminists
110
THE INTERRELATIONSHIP OF ACADEMIC AND ACTIVIST FEMINISM
117
Not Always an Easy Alliance The Relationship between Womens Studies and the Womens Movement in Canada
120
Exclusions and the Process of Empowerment The Case for Feminist Scholarship
136
What Is the Interrelationship between Academic and Activist Feminism?
150
RACISM AND THE WOMENS MOVEMENT
157
Racism and AntiRacism in Feminist Teaching and Research
160
A House Divided Women of Colour and American Feminist Theory
165
REPRODUCTIVE RIGHTS
237
Feminist Philosophical Reflections on Reproductive Rights in Canada
240
A Chill Wind Blows Class Ideology and the Reproductive Dilemma
252
ALTERNATIVE VISIONS OF A FEMINIST FUTURE
269
That Which Divides Us That Which Unites Us
271
Notes
289
Index
327
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About the author (1992)

Constance Backhouse is Professor of Law at the University of Western Ontario and author of Petticoats and Prejudice: Women and Law in Nineteenth-Century Canada.

David H. Flaherty is a professor emeritus in the Departments of History and Law at the University of Western Ontario and an adjunct professor in the Department of Political Science at the University of Victoria.

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