Challenging the Market: The Struggle to Regulate Work and Income

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McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP, 2004 - Business & Economics - 387 pages
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For two decades economic and social policy in most of the world has been guided by the notion that economies function best when they are fully exposed to competitive market forces. In labour market policy, this approach is reflected in the widespread emphasis on flexibility - a euphemism for the retrenchment of income support and social security, the relaxation of labour market regulations, and the enhanced power of private actors to determine the terms of the employment relationship. These strategies have had marked effects on labour market outcomes, leading to greater vulnerability and polarization - and not always in ways that enhance worker-centred flexibility. The authors offer a more balanced analysis of the functioning and effects of labour market regulation and deregulation. By questioning the underpinnings of the flexibility paradigm, and revealing its often damaging impacts (on different countries, sectors, and constituencies), they challenge the conclusion that unregulated market forces produce optimal labour market outcomes. The authors conclude with several suggestions for how labour policy could be reformulated to promote both efficiency and equity.
 

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Contents

The Struggle to Regulate Work
3
the changing economics of labour
31
Labour Market Sclerosis
51
Institutions and Policies for Labour Market Success in Four Small
75
developments in labour market
95
The Decree System in Quebec
135
The Case of European Works
151
Neoliberal Restructuring
175
Failures and Challenges
227
Call Centres in New Brunswick
246
Neoliberalism Social Democracy and the Struggle to Improve
265
Labour Market Deregulation and the U S LivingWage
289
OrganizingJustice forJanitors in Los Angeles
309
The 35Hour
346
How Credible Are International Corporate Labour Codes?
365
Copyright

Youth as an Industrial Reserve Army
205

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About the author (2004)

Jim Stanford is economist for Unifor, Canada s largest private-sector trade union and an economics columnist for the "Globe and Mail".

Leah F. Vosko, Canada Research Chair in Feminist Political Economy, Social Science (Political Science), Atkinson, York University, is the author of "Temporary Work: The Gendered Rise of a Precarious Employment Relationship" and co-editor of "Changing Canada: Political Economy as Transformation.

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