Champaran and Gandhi: Planters, Peasants, and Gandhian Politics
Oxford University Press, 1999 - History - 277 pages
This book traces the history of peasant resistance to the planters, from the sporadic outbreaks of the 1860s to the Champaran Movement of 1917-18, the first experiment in Gandhian mass mobilization in India.
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THE INDIGO OF BIHAR
THE INDIGO ENTERPRISE
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19th century according administration advance advantage agitation agricultural annual appeared Association authority average began Bengal Bettiah bigha Bihar British Calcutta capital cent Champaran close colonial Commissioner concerned continued contract coolies cost course court crops cultivation developed dihat district dominant economic effect employed enterprise entire European fact factory fields figures Finally followed force frequently Gandhi half hand hold houses increase India indigenous indigo initial interest Judicial labour landlords lands latter leaders lease less major manager manufacturing maund means movement Muzaffarpur nationalist natural official operations paid particularly Patna peasantry peasants period plantations planters police political Prasad production profit raiyats refused regarding region relations remained rent represented resistance result rise rule rupees rural situation social sources tenants Tirhut unit usually varied villages wages yield zamindars ziraat