## Chance, Luck, and Statistics'The style is clear and lively. The treatment ... is remarkably accurate. In short, it is a good book." — The first part explains the theory of probability, with particular reference to superstitions and fallacies, betting odds, and the law of mathematical expectation, and with specific applications to poker, roulette, lotteries, dice games, bridge, and other games involving chance. The second part illustrates: how to apply the principles behind probability theory to statistics, with discussions of normal frequency distributions and the dangers of misusing statistics. A survey of statistical applications takes in a remarkable variety of fields, including strategic warfare, social problems, stock speculation, advertising, and operations research. Written in a highly readable style, with frequent touches of humor, this volume will enliven any course in probability and statistics. It will appeal to both teachers and students of probability and statistics as well as to nonmathematicians. |

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### Contents

Chance Luck and Statistics | 3 |

Gamblers and Scientists ll | 11 |

The World of Superstition | 19 |

Fallacies | 27 |

The Grammar of Chance 59 | 41 |

Heads or Tails | 54 |

Betting and Expectation | 74 |

Who Is Going to Win? | 85 |

Roulette | 156 |

Lotteries Craps Bridge | 170 |

STATISTICS Chapter XIV From Chance to Statistic 201 | 218 |

Fallacies in Statistics | 243 |

Statistics at Work | 270 |

Advertising and Statistics | 288 |

Business and Statistics | 309 |

Appendix l | 343 |