Changes in the Arctic: Background and Issues for Congress
The diminishment of Arctic sea ice has led to increased human activities in the Arctic, and has heightened concerns about the region┐s future. Contents of this report: (1) Intro.; (2) Background: Definitions of the Arctic: Arctic Circle Definition and Resulting Arctic Countries; (3) Issues for Congress: Climate Change and Loss of Arctic Sea Ice; Territorial Claims and Sovereignty Issues; Commercial Sea Transport.; Regulation of Arctic Shipping; Oil, Gas, and Mineral Exploration:Extent of the Continental Margin; Minerals; Environ. and Economics; Oil Pollution and Pollution Response; Response and Cleanup Challenges in the Arctic Region; Fisheries; Indigenous People; Effects of Climate Change; U.S. Military Forces. Illus. This is a print on demand report.
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Administration Alaska AMAP Arctic Circle Arctic Council Arctic countries Arctic indigenous Arctic nations Arctic Ocean Arctic Oil Arctic Policy Arctic region Arctic research policy Arctic sea ice Arctic shipping Arctic waters areas Article 76 Assessment Canada Canadian Chukchi Sea claims climate change Commission Congress continental margin cooperation CRS Report cruise ships David Pugliese Defense economic environmental establish extended continental shelf fisheries global governments Greenland Homeland Security Implementation infrastructure Interagency Committee issues January marine mineral national Arctic research National Science Foundation national security natural resources navigation Navy and Coast NavyTimes.com North Slope Northern Sea Route Northwest Passage NSPD 66/HSPD offshore oil and gas oil spills operations permafrost Polar Star Policy Act pollution potential Presidential Directive programs protect relating Research and Policy response route Russia scientific search and rescue section prepared sovereignty species strategic temperatures territorial transport U.S. Coast Guard U.S. Navy UNCLOS United warming