Changing Ideals in Modern Architecture, 1750-1950

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McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP, 1998 - Architecture - 308 pages
Collins explains what Revivalism, Rationalism, Eclecticism, and Functionalism meant to those who practised them, examining the impact that social forces and the other arts and sciences had on architectural styles while recognizing the tectonic continuities that underlie the seeming ruptures between pre-modern, modern, and post-modern approaches to design. His work is infused with a deep sympathy for the classical spirit of the eighteenth century and he argued rigorously and passionately that Enlightenment ideas could be of real value to the architects of his generation, particularly since technology had made it possible to use them effectively. Collins's plea for sensitivity to tradition and the urban fabric while encouraging technological innovation and unprecedented programs makes his thought just as vital today as it was ahead of its time when first published. Collins had long wished to see an affordable, fully illustrated edition of his book and McGill-Queen's University Press and the McGill School of Architecture are proud to at long last fulfil this wish. The new edition includes a biographical sketch of Collins, a brief publication history of the work, and an introductory essay by Kenneth Frampton that discusses the importance of the work at the time it was first published and highlights its relevance for the architectural problems of today. Like the classic works of Hitchcock, Giedion, Pevsner, and Benevolo, Changing Ideals in Modern Architecture is essential reading and forms a striking contrast with other works on modernism, such as Reyner Banham's. It will be pertinent to all those interested in architectural history and theory, modern history, history of ideas, and aesthetics.
 

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Contents

REVOLUTIONARY ARCHITECTURE
21
THE INFLUENCE OF HISTORIOGRAPHY
29
THE INFLUENCE OF THE PICTURESQUE
42
REVIVALISM
59
THE AWARENESS OF STYLES
61
PRIMITIVISM AND PROGRESS
67
THE ROMAN REVIVAL
70
THE GREEK REVIVAL
79
THE GASTRONOMIC ANALOGY
167
THE LINGUISTIC ANALOGY
173
RATIONALISM
xv
THE INFLUENCE OF CIVIL AND MILITARY ENGINEERS
185
RATIONALISM
198
NEW PLANNING PROBLEMS
218
THE INFLUENCE OF THE ALLIED ARTS
241
THE INFLUENCE OF LITERATURE AND CRITICISM
243

THE RENAISSANCE REVIVAL
96
GOTHIC NATIONALISM
100
GOTHIC ECCLESIOLOGY AND SOCIAL REFORM
106
POLYCHROMY
111
ECLECTICISM
117
THE DEMAND FOR A NEW ARCHITECTURE
128
FUNCTIONALISM
147
THE BIOLOGICAL ANALOGY
149
THE MECHANICAL ANALOGY
159
THE INFLUENCE OF INDUSTRIAL DESIGN
265
THE INFLUENCE OF PAINTING AND SCULPTURE
271
NEW CONCEPTS OF SPACE
285
EPILOGUE
295
BIBLIOGRAPHICAL NOTE
301
INDEX OF ILLUSTRATIONS
303
INDEX OF TEXT
305
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