Why was aluminum once more valuable than gold? Why are some buildings built on giant springs and where can they be found? Why does a nuclear waste remain hazardous for thousands of years? In this book, you will learn about the chemical and physical changes that can occur in materials, including chemical and metal reactions, the effect of substances on materials, and the various types of physical changes and their causes. Find out what a huge part the material world plays in your life! Each book in the 'Material World' series looks at a key area of materials science, covering subjects such as states of matter, material characteristics and behavior, the uses of different materials, and the technology used to make new materials or change existing ones for new purposes.
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acid or alkaline activation energy air pressure alkali alpha particles aluminum atoms atoms or molecules baking soda break broken and reformed called car batteries carbon change shape Chemical kinetics chemical reaction Chemists combines with oxygen combustion convection current cooler air copper metal copper oxide corrosive decay dissolved in water elastic modulus electric charge energy energy energy of movement enzyme equation example fluid force acting Half-lives highly reactive metal Hydrochloric acid inorganic acids ions in solution iron oxide iron rusts level of internal liquid litmus paper materials scientist Milk of magnesia molecules of oxygen move Natural catalysts neutrons nitric oxide nuclear organic acids original shape oven cleaners ozone layer physical change plastic potassium produce protons pure metal Radioactive substances reactants reaction rate reaction to take reactivity series redox reaction salt and water solid stress strong acids Strong alkalis sulfuric acid vapor vinegar zinc