Changing Patterns of Power: Social Regulation and Teacher Education Reform
Thomas S. Popkewitz
SUNY Press, 1993 - Education - 382 pages
The reform of teacher education has been a focal point of state action in industrial countries since the early 1980s. Given this convergence of educational and governmental activity, the studies presented here are a significant departure from conventional discourse on reform, because they explore the ways that social regulation and political power operate through the processes of educational reform.
This book considers the reform of teacher education to be an integral part of the larger system of social regulation that takes place in the arena of schooling. Reforms in teacher education involve complex sets of interactions among and within social institutions. These interactions help shape power relations and patterns of social regulation that operate through state, university, and school interactions. Nevertheless, the patterns that give direction and value to teacher education are not easily discerned in public discussions of educational change. Instead, many of the most important regulatory aspects of teacher education reform are partly obscured by a public discourse that focuses attention on formal responses to socioeconomic events, and that tends to divert critical attention away from the power that is exercised-and the interests that are served-during reform.
This volume presents studies of reform in Australia, Finland, Iceland, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Although these countries differ in their political and social histories, rates and levels of industrialization, and patterns of educational practice, there is a striking commonality in both the strategies that are employed to reform teacher education, and in the nature of social regulation that is a concomitant of reform.
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academic activities actors administrative arena autonomy basic school CATE cation central College of Education committee comparative comprehensive school context corporatist countries courses critical cultural curricular decentralization defined degree didactics discourse economic educa education in Finland educational policy educational psychology educational research educational science educational system emphasized evaluation example Falmer field Finland Finnish formal Geoff Whitty higher education historical Holmes Group ical ideology important in-service teacher education increased issues knowledge Lundgren ment Ministry of Education municipalities OECD Opus Dei organization Parliament patterns pedagogical percent political Popkewitz Portugal Portuguese practices preservice Press primary school teachers problems profes professional regulation relations responsibility rhetoric Rinne role school system social sociology strategies structure studies Sweden Swedish Teach For America teacher education programs teacher education reform Teacher Training College teaching profession theory tion tional tradition unions University College University of Helsinki University of Iceland