Changing Sex and Bending Gender
Alison Shaw, Shirley Ardener
Berghahn Books, 2005 - Psychology - 158 pages
Anthropologists and historians have shown us that 'male' and 'female' are variously defined historically and cross-culturally. The contributions to this volume focus on the voluntary and involuntary, temporary or permanent transformation of gender identity. Overall, this volume provides powerful and compelling illustrations of how, across a wide range of cultures, processes of gender transformation are shaped within, and ultimately constrained by, social and political context. From medical responses to biological ambiguity, legal responses to cases brought by transsexuals, the historical role of the eunuch in Byzantium, the social transformation of gender in Northern Albania and in the Southern Philippines, to North American 'drag' shows, English pantomime and Japanese kabuki theatre, this volume offers revealing insights into the ambiguities and limitations of gender transformation. Alison Shaw is a Senior Research Fellow at the University of Oxford, Department of Public Health. Her research interests include medical anthropology, ethnicity, kinship and social aspects of genetics. Her publications include Kinship and Continuity: Pakistani families in Britain (Harwood/Routledge 2000); A Pakistani Community in Britain (Oxford: Blackwell 1888) and Get by in Hindi and Urdu (1989 BBC Books).
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Defining sex and gender Changing bodily sex Longterm gender transformations
Is it a boy or a girl? The challenges of genital ambiguity
Intersex conditions Reactions to intersex births Botched pots unnatural horrors
The Convention The cases Typical facts The Courts reasoning in transsexual cases
Two views on the gender identity of Byzantine eunuchs
an ethnographic note
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5-Alpha Reductase actors actresses Albania ambiguous genitalia Ardener Article 12 associated audience become biological sex birth certificate Brandreth Byzantine Byzantium castrated century challenge Chapter chromosomally Claudian context Convention Court cross-dressing Dames defined Dembour described discourse drag performance drag queens drag shows dress eunuchs Europe European Eutropium example fact Fausto-Sterling 2000 feminine Frow gender categories gender identity gender roles gender transformations genital ambiguity genre girl Herdt hijras homosexuality hormonal Human Rights identified impersonation individuals intersex intersex births intersex conditions intersex infants Japanese kabuki Kanun lesbian live London male or female marriage marry men's onnagata Oxford panto pantomime paragraph parents Pashke person play Principal Boy puberty Ringrose seen sex and gender sex-assignment social society Southern Philippines stage status straight suggests surgery sworn virgins symbolic Takarazuka theatre Theophylact third gender third sex tomboi Tougher tradition transsexual University Press violation of Article woman young