Changing landscapes of nuclear physics: a scientometric study on the social and cognitive position of German-speaking emigrants within the nuclear physics community, 1921-1947
Springer-Verlag, 1993 - Biography & Autobiography - 256 pages
Nuclear physics between 1921 and 1947 shaped more than any other science thepolitical landscape of our century and the public opinion on physical research. Using quantitative scientometric methods, a new branch in the history of science, the author focuses on the developments of nuclear physics in these formative years paying special attention to theimpact of German emigrants on the evolution of the field as a cognitive and social unity. The book is based on a thorough analysis of various citation analyses thus producing results that should be more replicable and more objective. The scientometric techniques should complement the more qualitative approach usually applied in historical writing. This makes the text an interesting study also for the historian in general.
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The Effects of Scientific Emigration Special
B Data Base and Preliminary Descriptive Analyses
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accelerator AHQP Interview alpha-particles Amaldi atomic author based co-citation Berlin beta-decay Bethe Bhabha Bloch Bohr bombarded Cambridge Cavendish Laboratory Chadwick citation cited cluster co-citation analysis cognitive contour map Copenhagen cyclotron Debye deuteron disciplinary disintegration distribution electrons elements emigrant nuclear physicists energy Eugen Wigner experimental Fajans Fermi field fission Fowler Franck Frisch gamma-ray Gamow Germany Goldhaber Gottingen Goudsmit Hafstad Heisenberg Heitler Herzberg Houtermans Hund hydrogen hyperfine hyperfine structure ibid Institute interaction isotopes James Franck Kuhn Laboratory later Lauritsen Leipzig Lise Meitner Livingston London magnetic mass Max Born Meitner meson method molecular Munich Nordheim nuclear physicists nuclear physics nucleus Oliphant PANZ particles Pauli peaks Peierls period position problem protons quantum mechanics quantum theory radiation radioactivity Rasetti resonance Rutherford Schrodinger scientific scientists Seaborg Segre slow neutrons social Sommerfeld spectra spin Sponer structure Szilard Teller theoretical University wave mechanics Weisskopf Wentzel Wigner Zurich