Changing the Rules: Psychology in the Netherlands 1900-1985
The history of the social sciences has been marked by frequent and fierce debates on the rules of scientific methodology. Even the most general criteria agreed upon in the natural sciences are emphatically disputed in the social sciences. Presenting the history of psychology in the Netherlands as a case representative of Western social science, this book examines the divisive nature of social methodology more closely. The author scrutinizes published books and articles, as well as archival material and taped interviews, to sketch a history in which psychologists call their colleagues "semi-intellectuals who take lack of clarity for profundity" or accuse them of "undermining respect for men." As to the question of how such disagreements on the rules of sciences should be understood, this book contradicts the common picture in which social scientists only gradually came to understand how their profession should be "scientifically" practiced. Students and scholars of the history of science and the history of psychology will be fascinated by this account.
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A. D. de Groot anthropological applied approach Archives argued assessment psychology basis became behavior Brugmans Buytendijk Catholic changes chapter chology clinical psychology concept contemporary context criteria D. J. van Lennep debate Deventer diagnostics Dijkhuis discipline discussion Dutch psychology empirical example F. J. J. Buytendijk Free University geisteswissenschaft Grafologie graphology Groen Groningen Heymans History of Dutch human hypotheses idea inaugural lecture individual Institute interpretative J. T. Barendregt Kohnstamm Kouwer Langeveld Linschoten M. J. Langeveld methodological rules methodological style methods Nederlands Tijdschrift Netherlands neurotic paradox Nijmegen norms objective particular person personalistic phenomenological psychology philosophers postwar practice Prak prediction presentist professor psychiatrist psychodiagnostics psychol psychotechnicians psychotechnics Psychotechniek Psychotherapie PvdA question regard Rorschach Scheler scientific identity Sint Michielsgestel social identity social sciences society specific statements task tests theory therapy tion University of Amsterdam University of Utrecht Utrecht School validity