Changing the Trajectory: Education and Training for Youth in Democratic Republic of Congo
The Democratic Republic of Congo faces the challenge of providing universal primary education and expanding opportunities for post-secondary education and training for its youth, ages 12 to 24. This study analyzes the current educational attainment and school enrollment status of youth, as well as the formal and informal post-secondary educational and training opportunities available to them. The study uses the results of a simulation model that incorporates enrollment in alternative education programs and considers alternative scenarios for developing the post-primary sector. Each scenario is evaluated for the impact on the human capital accumulation of young people and the sustainability of public expenditures. The report offers policy options for rapidly raising the educational attainment of young people who will be entering the labor force in the next two decades, including expanding opportunities for alternative education and training for out-of-school children, the extension of primary education, and the reorganization of secondary and technical/vocational training to reduce early specialization.
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50 percent Africa age group alternative education programs approximately average basic education cohort Completed education Congolese franc constraints countries coverage currently enrolled curriculum Democratic Republic DRC’s education and training education cycle education system educational attainment estimated expanding expenditures formal education formal secondary education formal system higher education household human capital impact increase informal sector Kinshasa labor force labor market lower secondary mathematics and science million Ministry MLA survey Multilevel Model nonformal education opportunity costs options out-of-school children percent of students post-primary education primary and lower primary completion proportion Republic of Congo salary score secondary level secondary school secondary teachers SEIA short cycle significant skills Source Status of Youth structure student-teacher ratio Table teacher training technical stream three scenarios Total track transition rate tronc commun TVET unit costs upper secondary vocational education vocational training workers World Bank youth population