Character Strengths and Virtues: A Handbook and Classification
Oxford University Press, Apr 8, 2004 - Psychology - 816 pages
"Character" has become a front-and-center topic in contemporary discourse, but this term does not have a fixed meaning. Character may be simply defined by what someone does not do, but a more active and thorough definition is necessary, one that addresses certain vital questions. Is character a singular characteristic of an individual, or is it composed of different aspects? Does character--however we define it--exist in degrees, or is it simply something one happens to have? How can character be developed? Can it be learned? Relatedly, can it be taught, and who might be the most effective teacher? What roles are played by family, schools, the media, religion, and the larger culture? This groundbreaking handbook of character strengths and virtues is the first progress report from a prestigious group of researchers who have undertaken the systematic classification and measurement of widely valued positive traits. They approach good character in terms of separate strengths-authenticity, persistence, kindness, gratitude, hope, humor, and so on-each of which exists in degrees. Character Strengths and Virtues classifies twenty-four specific strengths under six broad virtues that consistently emerge across history and culture: wisdom, courage, humanity, justice, temperance, and transcendence. Each strength is thoroughly examined in its own chapter, with special attention to its meaning, explanation, measurement, causes, correlates, consequences, and development across the life span, as well as to strategies for its deliberate cultivation. This book demands the attention of anyone interested in psychology and what it can teach about the good life.
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Social Intelligence Emotional Intelligence Personal
Citizenship Social Responsibility Loyalty Teamwork
Forgiveness and Mercy
Humility and Modesty
Kindness Generosity Nurturance Care Compassion
Appreciation of Beauty and Excellence Awe Wonder
Assessment and Applications
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ability adolescents adults African American alpha coefficients altruism American approach assessment associated attachment Baltes Baumeister behavior bravery character strengths classification cognitive concept Construct validity correlates creativity CRITERION crosscultural cultures curiosity developmental Developmental Psychology domain effects emotional intelligence empirical example experience explanatory style factors feel focus forgiveness gender goals gratitude human humility humor implementation intentions individual differences individual’s integrity interest interpersonal interventions intrinsic motivation involved Journal of Personality justice leader leadership learned helplessness love of learning McCullough measures motivation negative one’s openmindedness optimism orientation outcomes participants people’s persistence Personality and Social perspective phronesis positive psychology programs prudence questionnaire relationships religion religious and spiritual responsibility role scale scores self selfcontrol selfesteem selfregulation selfreport Seligman sense social intelligence Social Psychology specific studies subscales task theory thinking trait University Press values virtue ethics virtues vitality wellbeing wisdom York