Character Strengths and Virtues: A Handbook and Classification
Oxford University Press, Apr 8, 2004 - Psychology - 816 pages
"Character" has become a front-and-center topic in contemporary discourse, but this term does not have a fixed meaning. Character may be simply defined by what someone does not do, but a more active and thorough definition is necessary, one that addresses certain vital questions. Is character a singular characteristic of an individual, or is it composed of different aspects? Does character--however we define it--exist in degrees, or is it simply something one happens to have? How can character be developed? Can it be learned? Relatedly, can it be taught, and who might be the most effective teacher? What roles are played by family, schools, the media, religion, and the larger culture? This groundbreaking handbook of character strengths and virtues is the first progress report from a prestigious group of researchers who have undertaken the systematic classification and measurement of widely valued positive traits. They approach good character in terms of separate strengths-authenticity, persistence, kindness, gratitude, hope, humor, and so on-each of which exists in degrees. Character Strengths and Virtues classifies twenty-four specific strengths under six broad virtues that consistently emerge across history and culture: wisdom, courage, humanity, justice, temperance, and transcendence. Each strength is thoroughly examined in its own chapter, with special attention to its meaning, explanation, measurement, causes, correlates, consequences, and development across the life span, as well as to strategies for its deliberate cultivation. This book demands the attention of anyone interested in psychology and what it can teach about the good life.
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STRENGTHS OF CHARACTER
Index of Names
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ability activities adolescents adults alpha coefficients altruistic appreciation approach Aristotle assess associated attachment authenticity Baltes behavior beliefs bravery Buddhism chapter character strengths classification cognitive concept Construct validity correlates creativity cultures curiosity described developmental domain effects emotional intelligence empirical example experience explanatory style factors feel focus forgiveness gender goals gratitude human humility humor implementation intentions important individual differences individual’s integrity interest interpersonal interventions intrinsic motivation involved leader leadership love of learning measures modesty motivation negative one’s open-mindedness openness to experience optimism orientation outcomes Paragons parents participants people’s persistence person perspective phronesis positive psychology programs prudence psychological questionnaire relationships religious and spiritual response role scale scores self-control self-determination theory self-regulation self-report Seligman sense social intelligence someone specific strategies studies style subscales suggest tasks Test–retest reliability theory thinking tion tive validity values virtue ethics virtues vitality well-being wisdom