Character and temperament
"The subject of this volume is the psychological sources of human quality. The composite term character and temperament has the currency of tradition; the possibility of interpreting it for present-day psychology is an inviting task. For the whole of human conduct, as of civilization, follows the clew of the endowment, needs, satisfactions, potencies, aspirations of the human mind. As the individual and the social life develop toward the consciousness of purpose, the cultivation of endowment to secure cherished ends becomes the dominant interest, and in its selective expression reflects the emphasis of native quality. The ready assertion that human nature is ever the same expresses a partial truth, and that imperfectly. It must be replaced by a more discerning view that projects with some degree of illumination the areas of fixity and the wider realms of variable human traits: their hereditary conditioning, their relations to one another, their allegiances to the original and to the acquired nature of man. The enlightenment of "character and temperament" is to be sought in the mutual reinforcement of the several aspects of the presentation. The foundations thus surveyed are no less comprehensive than those of the science of psychology itself; nothing less will suffice to set in its true proportions the sources of human quality. That the interpretation must frequently proceed upon the level of description reflects the inherent imperfections of our psychological insight, but imparts a realistic touch to the presentation. If it contributes to a truer appreciation of the indirect and difficult routes from theory to practice, and of the necessity of the ampler study of foundations, it will have served its purpose"--Preface. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2005 APA, all rights reserved)
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through intellectualization and socializationThe social
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abnormal adjustment altruistic anger appeal applied arouse artificial attitude becomes bility bodily cern character cial clew common complex complication composite conduct congenial consideration contrast derivative differential psychology differentiation direct disposition distinction divergent dominant emotional endowment environment esthetic experience expression expressional factor favor fear feeling function gregarious heredity human nature human quality hysterical ideals impressionism impulse individual instincts intellectual interests issue justment less liability mature ment mental moral motive nature nervous neurasthenic normal object one's organic original pain personal equation phases physiological play poietic practical present pression primary primitive principle psychic psychological pursuit quired range reaction refined reflects regulation relations response satisfaction self-assertion sense sensi sensibilities sensitive sensory sentiment shyness sideration significant sion situations social social environment stages susceptibility sympathetic sympathy temperament temperamental tendency tical tion tional tive traits trend vergence vidual vital