Characterization of Amorphous and Crystalline Rough Surface -- Principles and Applications

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Academic Press, Oct 23, 2000 - Technology & Engineering - 417 pages
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The structure of a growth or an etch front on a surface is not only a subject of great interest from the practical point of view but also is of fundamental scientific interest. Very often surfaces are created under non-equilibrium conditions such that the morphology is not always smooth.

In addition to a detailed description of the characteristics of random rough surfaces, Experimental Methods in the Physical Sciences, Volume 37, Characterization of Amorphous and Crystalline Rough Surface-Principles and Applications will focus on the basic principles of real and diffraction techniques for quantitative characterization of the rough surfaces. The book thus includes the latest development on the characterization and measurements of a wide variety of rough surfaces. The complementary nature of the real space and diffraction techniques is fully displayed.


Key Features
* An accessible description of quantitative characterization of random rough surfaces and growth/etch fronts
* A detailed description of the principles, experimentation, and limitations of advanced real-space imaging techniques (such as atomic force microscopy) and diffraction techniques (such as light scattering, X-ray diffraction, and electron diffraction)
* Characterization of a variety of rough surfaces (e.g., self-affine, mounded, anisotropic, and two-level surfaces) accompanied by quantitative examples to illustrate the essence of the principles
* An insightful description of how rough surfaces are formed
* Presentation of the most recent examples of the applications of rough surfaces in various areas
 

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Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction
1
Chapter 2 Statistical Nature of Rough Surfaces
7
Chapter 3 Examples of Random Rough Surfaces
33
Chapter 4 RealSpace Surface Profiling Techniques
63
Chapter 5 Effects of Finite Tip and Sample Sizes
83
Chapter 6 Diffraction TechniquesFundamentals
103
Chapter 7 Diffraction from Random Rough Surfaces
133
Chapter 8 Diffraction TechniquesExperimentation
157
Chapter 14 Transition to Multilayer Structures
273
Chapter 15 Transmission Diffraction and Fractals
303
Examples
309
Appendix A Growth Dynamics
353
Appendix B Time Evolution of the Interface Width in the Edwards Wilkinson Equation
381
Appendix C Effect of Different Functional Forms of the Scaling Function on the Shape of the Diffraction Profile
383
Appendix D Joint Distributions of Random Processes with NonGaussian Height Distributions
387
Appendix E Height Difference Function Ck_1 r for Different Height Distributions
391

Chapter 9 SelfAffine Fractal Surfaces
179
Chapter 10 Mounded Surfaces
211
Chapter 11 Anisotropic Surfaces
223
Chapter 12 NonGaussian Surfaces
241
Chapter 13 TwoDimensional Fractal Surfaces
255
Appendix F A Perturbative Solution of SineGorden Equation
399
Appendix G Speckle
403
Appendix H Diffraction of an Ultrafast Radiation Pulse
407
Index
411
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About the author (2000)

Yiping Zhao is Associate Professor of Physics in the Department of Physics and Astronomy, University

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