Charcot: Constructing Neurology

Front Cover
In the second half of the 19th century, Paris became an international center for neurological studies largely because of Jean-Martin Charcot and his Salpetriere School. Charcot was named Professor of Diseases of the Nervous System at the University of Paris in 1882, and thus helped institutionalize neurology as a medical specialty. By then he had already published widely and had assembled a team of research specialists and students who approached the study of the nervous system through the celebrated methode anatomo-clinique that correlated specific neurological signs with discrete lesions in the central nervous system. Pushing beyond the bounds of anatomical study, Charcot went on to study hysteria, attracting both scientific and social notoriety.
This book provides the best account of the life and contributions of Jean-Martin Charcot. It gives a fascinating picture of the man and his milieu, and clearly defines his role in establishing the new medical specialty of clinical neurology.
 

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Paintings by Goya, Frans Hals, and Jan Steen hung in display and as a single example of contemporary art a large oil painting by Ziem. ...

Contents

EDUCATION OF A PHYSICIAN
3
THE STRUGGLE FOR A CAREER IN PARIS MEDICINE
31
THE DEVELOPMENT OF A CAREER IN NEUROLOGY
62
CHARCOTS MAJOR NEUROLOGICAL INTERESTS
99
Locomotor Ataxia Tabes Dorsalis
108
Cerebral Localization
120
Aphasia
127
CHARCOT AND THE ARTISTRY OF NEUROLOGICAL
135
The Typology of La Grande Hystèrie and Physiological
196
A Final Phase? The Problem of the Seat of Hysteria
205
FAME
217
The Academy of Sciences
231
The Tuesday Lessons
241
Pratique de la Ville
254
CHARCOTS PRIVATE LIFE
268
Politics and Religion
275

Charcots Patient Population
149
HYSTERIA
172
The Salpêtrière Takes Over the Field
179
Justine Etchevery and Rosalie Leroux
188
Hôtel de Varangeville and the Tuesday Soirées
285
Alfred Vulpian
295
CHARCOTS DEATH AND LEGACY
305
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About the author (1995)

Christopher G. Goetz is at Rush University. Michael Bonduelle is at University of Paris.

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