Charcot: Constructing Neurology
Oxford University Press, Jan 1, 1995 - Biography & Autobiography - 392 pages
In the second half of the 19th century, Paris became an international center for neurological studies largely because of Jean-Martin Charcot and his Salpetriere School. Charcot was named Professor of Diseases of the Nervous System at the University of Paris in 1882, and thus helped institutionalize neurology as a medical specialty. By then he had already published widely and had assembled a team of research specialists and students who approached the study of the nervous system through the celebrated methode anatomo-clinique that correlated specific neurological signs with discrete lesions in the central nervous system. Pushing beyond the bounds of anatomical study, Charcot went on to study hysteria, attracting both scientific and social notoriety.
This book provides the best account of the life and contributions of Jean-Martin Charcot. It gives a fascinating picture of the man and his milieu, and clearly defines his role in establishing the new medical specialty of clinical neurology.
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EDUCATION OF A PHYSICIAN
THE STRUGGLE FOR A CAREER IN PARIS MEDICINE
THE DEVELOPMENT OF A CAREER IN NEUROLOGY
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academic agrege ailment Allart-Vallin-Charcot amyotrophic lateral sclerosis anatomical anatomo-clinical method aphasia Archives Babinski became Bibliotheque Charcot Bourneville Brown-Sequard cerebral chair Chapter Char Charcot and Vulpian Charcot's career Charcot's death chef de clinique chronic colleagues consultation contractures Cornil cot's Dejerine developed diagnosis disorders doctor documents Duchenne early epilepsy Etchevery examination Figure France French Freud Gelfand German Goncourt Guillain Guinon hospital hypnotism hysteria hysterical hystero-epilepsy Ibid ical included intern Jean-Baptiste Charcot Jean-Martin Charcot Joffroy journals laboratory lectures Leon Daudet letter locomotor ataxia medical Faculty medical school motor multiple sclerosis nervous system neurological neurologist neuropathology observation outpatient paralysis Paris Paris medical Parkinson's disease pathological anatomy patients petriere physician physiology Pierre Marie political presented professor professorship Progres Medical published Rayer Salpetriere Salpetriere school scientific Souques specific spinal cord symptoms tabes tabes dorsalis teaching therapy thesis tion Tourette Tuesday lessons wrote young