Charitable Knowledge: Hospital Pupils and Practitioners in Eighteenth-Century London

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Cambridge University Press, Jun 27, 2002 - Medical - 408 pages
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Charitable Knowledge explores the interconnections among medical teaching, medical knowledge and medical authority in eighteenth-century London. The metropolis lacked a university until the nineteenth century, so the seven major voluntary hospitals--St. Bartholomew, St. Thomas, Guy, the Westminster, St. George, the Middlesex, and the London--were crucial sites for educating surgeons, surgeon-apothecaries and visiting physicians. Lawrence explains how charity patients became teaching objects, and how hospitals became medical schools. She demonstrates that hospital practitioners gradually gained authority within an emerging medical community, transforming the old tripartite structure into a loosely unified group of de facto general practitioners dominated by hospital men. Historians of science and medicine will want to read this book.
 

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Contents

Introduction Hospital medicine in eighteenthcentury London
1
The setting
5
Transformations
12
Hospital medicine
19
The London hospitals Virtue and value
33
Charity and the hospitals
36
Hospital practitioners
55
The corporations licensing and reform 17001815
74
Hospital knowledge
241
London hospital men and a medical community 17601815
250
Publishing and status
254
Gatherings of likeminded men
259
Diffusing useful knowledge
271
Observing practitioners and men of science
276
Hospital men make medical knowledge 17601815
289
To observe and make the tryal
293

Membership and licensing
76
Education at the halls and college
81
Reform and responses 17801815
91
Walking the wards From apprentices to pupils
107
Apprentices and pupils character and cash
110
Increasing numbers blurry boundries
134
Learning on the wards
148
London lecturing Public knowledge and private courses
162
Business knowledge access and authority
165
An overview
167
Entertainment and expertise 17001760
175
Hospital lecturing 17601820
188
Gentlemen scholars and clinical cases 17001760
215
Publishing
218
Publicity and polemics
222
Ancient and moderns
225
Nature medicine and the Royal Society
227
Public and private
234
Whose case? Whose knowledge?
301
The lures of experiment
310
Dangerous disputes
327
Conclusion
335
London hospital men 17001815
343
Number of positions for staff physicians and surgeons at the general hospitals ca 17001825
351
Numbers of physicians elected to the general hospitals Fellows Licentiates and nonmembers of the Royal College of Physicians 17001820
352
Numbers of physicians elected to each hospital Fellows Licentiates and nonmembers of the Royal College of Physicians 17001820
353
Hospital surgeons and the Court of Assistants CorporationRoyal College of Surgeons 17451815
355
London hospital pupils 17251820
356
Hospital pupils and army medical entrants 17501820
357
St Thomass Hospital Entering pupils 17251820
358
The London Hospital Entering pupils 17451820
359
The Middlesex Hospital Entering pupils 17651820
360
London medical lectures 17001820
361
Index
379
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