Charlemagne's Early Campaigns (768-777): A Diplomatic and Military Analysis
Charlemagne's Early Campaigns is the first book-length study of Charlemagne at war. The neglect of this subject has truncated our understanding of the Carolingian empire and the military success of its leader, a true equal of Frederick the Great and Napoleon.
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Charlemagne and Carloman
Opportunities and Problems
4 The Unwanted War
5 The Siege of Pavia
6 The Fall of Pavia and Its Aftermath
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Abbot addition Adelchis Aistulf Annales Aquitaine attack Autchar Bachrach base Bavarian Biiraburg Byzantine campaign capture Carloman Carolingian army Carolingian court Carolingian military century Charlemagne Charlemagne’s army Charlemagne’s military Charles Martel clear command context defense deployed Desiderius difﬁcult discussion Duke Early Carolingian Warfare Early Medieval early Middle Ages east efforts Eigil Einhard enemy Eresburg established example expeditionary ﬁeld ﬁghting ﬁrst fortiﬁcations fortress city Frankish kingdom Fritzlar Friuli frontier Fulda garrison Gerperga idem identiﬁed imperial important invasion Irminsul Italy Karl kilometers large numbers Lombard king Lombard kingdom Magistratus magnates McKitterick Merovingian military operations mobilized monastery Novalesa ofﬁcials papal Pavia perhaps Pope Hadrian Pope Stephen Pope Stephen III pope’s regarding regnum Francorum Rhine river Roman Rome route royal Saxon region Saxon territory scholars siege signiﬁcant sources strategy stronghold Sturm sufﬁcient Syburg tactical Tassilo tion Treviso tripartite alliance troops Verona Vicenza walls Weser