Some of the most delightful English porcelain ever made was manufactured in the middle of the eighteenth century at a factory in Chelsea set up two Frenchmen, the jeweller Charles Gouyn and the silversmith Nicholas Sprimont. Sprimont's enterprise - and the skill of the craftsmen he employed - helped to establish English soft paste alongside the great European porcelain manufactures of Meissen and Sevres; and the figures and wares he produced now fetch thousands of pounds at auction. Elizabeth Adams charts the progress of Sprimont's venture and describes in detail the wares now known as Chelsea. Meticulous research into contemporary manuscripts and catalogues has enabled her to reconstruct the history of the Chelsea porcelain factory, from its setting up in c. 1744 to its final destruction in 1784, some fifteen years after Sprimont himself ceased to be associated with it. She describes Sprimont's wares and figures in the order of the marks - Triangle, Raised Anchor and Gold Anchor - that distinguish their production, and provides a detailed account of the styles, decoration and colours used at each period, together with the names of most of those craftsmen who have been identified.
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Nicholas Sprimont Silversmith and Porcelain Maker
Foundation of the Porcelain Business c 1744950
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Albert Museum Anchor mark Anchor porcelain Art Gallery base beakers birds British Museum Fig British Museum MLA British Museum Press Burnsall catalogue Ceramic Chelsea factory Chelsea Porcelain factory Chelsea-Derby Chinese Colonial Williamsburg Foundation colours copied decoration Derby dishes enamel engraving example Fable figures Fitzwilliam Museum flowers Gauron gilding gilt glaze Gold Anchor period Height inches incised included Joseph Willems Kakiemon known Lawrence Street London Mallet manufacture mazarine blue Meissen Meissen porcelain models moulded Museum and Art Museum MLA PC Nicholas Sprimont octagonal ornamental painted pair pattern pieces plates Private collection Fig Private collection photo produced Proprietor Raised Anchor period Red Anchor Red Anchor period rococo sauceboats saucer scene scent-bottles scrolls shape sold sprays St James's Factory St James's Street sugar boxes teabowl teapot Tournai Triangle period tureen underglaze blue Upton House Valpy vases Victoria and Albert warehouse wares Watney Width William Duesbury