Chemical treatment for cooling water
This book discusses the economics of water use in cooling towers, and presents a technical but easy to understand review of an advanced technology that permits significant gains in water conservation. The three goals of water treatment - scale control, corrosion control, and control of biological fouling - are examined to show how all three can easily and effectively be handled with a technology that allows a system to operate with zero forced bleed to the sewer. The book details the application and economics of this technology in specific types of cooling tower settings. Specific topics include water conservation, pollution control requirements, corrosion prevention, management of toxic polluting biocides, and comparison of alternative technologies.
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A Little Information About Water
The Chemical Industry
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acid Advanced Technology air conditioning alkalinity applied bacteria biocide biological fouling calcium carbonate chemical feed chiller circulating Claude Laval Corporation clean clean-up coating condenser conductivity controller control corrosion control scale cooling system cooling tower cooling tower system cooling water corrosion control corrosion inhibitors corrosion rates cost coupons cycles of concentration drift eductor electrical electrons equipment evaporative coolers film filter gal/hr gallons heat exchange hydroxyl increase infrared infrared thermometer Install ions iron LAKOS Legionella load magnesium make-up water measure metal loss minerals monitoring nuclei operating oxidation oxygen pipe pitting corrosion pressure problem Published by Permission pump reduced removed scale control sewer silica solution splash deposits sulfate sump surface timer tion total dissolved solids tower water traditional treatment traditional water treatment tube valve Water Cycle water flow water meter water system water treatment industry wet bulb wet bulb temperature zero