Chemistry Versus Physics: Chemical Reactions Near Critical Points
Chemical reactions at high pressures are widely used in modern technology (supercritical extraction is an example). On the other hand, critical phenomena is the more advanced field in statistical mechanics. There are thousands of theoretical and experimental articles published by physicists, chemists, biologists, chemical engineers and material scientists, but, to our knowledge, there are no books which link these two phenomena together. This book sums up the results of 222 published articles, both theoretical and experimental, which will be of great benefit to students and all researchers working in this field. Sample Chapter(s). Chapter 1: Criticality and Chemistry (225 KB). Contents: Criticality and Chemistry; Effect of Criticality on Chemical Reaction; Effect of Chemistry on Critical Phenomena; Phase Separation in Reactive Systems; Comments on the Geometry of the Phase Diagram of a Reaction Mixture; Sound Propagation and Light Scattering in Chemically Reactive Systems. Readership: Physicists, chemists, biologists and material scientists, chemical engineers, advanced undergraduates and graduate students in science, university and college teachers.
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1 Criticality and Chemistry
2 Effect of Criticality on Chemical Reaction
3 Effect of Chemistry on Critical Phenomena
4 Phase Separation in Reactive Systems
5 Comments on the Geometry of the Phase Diagram of a Reaction Mixture
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analysis anomaly behavior Chem chemical equilibrium chemical potentials chemical reaction coexistence curve components concentration consider correlation critical indices critical phenomena critical slowing-down critical temperature defined density dependence derivative described dissociation entropy equilibrium experimental extent of reaction fluctuations following form free energy function Gibbs free energy hydrodynamic hydrodynamic equations interaction isothermal kinetic law of mass LCST liquid liquid-gas critical point liquid-liquid critical point mass action matrix metastable molecules naphthalene obtains Onsager coefficient particles phase diagram phase separation phase transitions phenomenological Phys piston effect pressure quenched reaction rate reactive binary mixture reactive mixtures reactive systems region renormalization Reproduced from Ref shown in Fig singularity solid solubility solution of Eq solvent species specific heat speeding-up statistically independent supercritical fluid ternary mixture thermodynamic tion two-phase UCST variables wavenumber Wqss