Chemistry of calico printing, dyeing, and bleaching: including silken woollen, and mixed goods, practical and theoretical: with copious reference to original sources of information, and abridged specifications of the patents connected with these subjects for the years 1858 and 1859
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acetic acid action affinity albumen alkali alum alumina ammonia applied archil blue boiling calcined calico printing carbonate carbonic acid catechu caustic cent Chem chemical chloride chromic acid cloth cochineal colouring matter combination compound contains copper cotton crystals dissolved dung dyed dyers employed extract fabrics farina fatty fibre fibrous fixed fustic gallon garancine give grains heat hydrogen hydrometer indigo injured insoluble iron mordant known lime liquid liquor logwood madder dyeing magnesia metallic method mixed mixture mordant Mulh murexide muriate nature neutralise nitrate nitric acid obtained oxide oxidising oxygen patent was abandoned pieces potash precipitate produced properties prussiate pure purple quantity salts sample shades silk soap soda ash soluble soluble solution starch steam substances sulphate sulphuric acid sumac tartaric acid Techn temperature thickening vegetable vitriol washing weight wool woollen yellow colour zinc
Page 25 - Geology, i., p. 74), and, as they are usually imperfectly quoted, the list is here given entire : — 1. Saline Bases — Soda, potash, lithia, ammonia, lime, magnesia, strontia, baryta, alumina, protoxides of iron and manganese, oxides of zinc and copper, tin, lead, silver, antimony, arsenic, nickel, cobalt, probably also as oxides. 2. Acids — Carbonic, sulphuric, sulphurous, nitric, phosphoric, boracic, silicic, hydrosulphurio.
Page 20 - Aluminum, Antimony, Arsenic, Barium, Bismuth, Boron, Bromine, Cadmium, Calcium, Carbon, Cerium, Chlorine, Chromium, Cobalt, Columbium, Copper, Didimium, Donarium, Erbium, Fluorine, Glucinum, Gold, Hydrogen, Ilmenium, Iodine, Iridium, Iron, Lanthanum, Lead, Lithium, Magnesium, Manganese, Mercury, Symbol.
Page 263 - A. gall so widely known and of such great value has of course been analyzed many times and is the standard for the analysis of others. According to Trimble the most generally accepted analysis is that made by Guibort, which is as follows: Per Cent.
Page 135 - They must be either tested for separately, or the determination corroborated by evaporating the neutralised liquor to dryness, and calcining it at a red heat All the acetate of soda is then converted into carbonate, the quantity of which may be dosed by the test acid : if it corresponds in quantity with the alkali first required to neutralise the acid there is no mineral acid present; if it falls short, the difference may be ascribed to some mineral acid whose soda salt is not decomposed by red heat.
Page 167 - Lactarine is insoluble before use and has to be dissolved in an alkaline liquid, such as ammonia or borax. The colors prepared with lactarine are liable to decomposition, and a color that may have worked well in the morning, in the afternoon has been known to have changed either into a solid mass or a curdy conglomerate totally unfit for printing, and not reconvertible into good color again by any means. At page 185 the same book says: In printing, magenta is applied to calico with albumen, and thickened...
Page 24 - It is present in nearly every case to a greater or less degree, depending upon the nature of the...
Page 135 - The value of commercial acetic acid can bo estimated by Ascertaining how much soda, or carbonate of soda, a given weight can neutralise. Inorganic acids, if present, would also neutralise the alkali ; they must be tested for separately, or the determination corroborated, by evaporating the neutralised liquor to drynoss, and calcining it at a red heat.
Page 177 - ... place, free from dust, for three or four days. At the end of that time it will...
Page 312 - ... saturated state than in a state of the highest activity : in a majority of cases the colours will be more solid, brighter, and faster when the combination between the mordant and...
Page 59 - This is carbonate of lime, formed by the combination of the carbonic acid of the air with the lime. 0 It may be remarked, that while testaceous shells are formed with carbonate of lime, the shells of crustaceous animals, and the shells of birds' eggs, contain also a portion of phosphate of lime.