Chemistry of hazardous materials
This revised fourth edition has been thoroughly updated to fully address the specific needs of firefighters and other professionals who deal with hazardous materials. This volume encompasses the key aspects of safely handling hazardous materials and the response actions to be implemented during terrorist actions, hazardous transportation mishaps and other disasters. This volume examines some features of matter and energy, flammable gases and flammable liquids, chemical forms of matter, as well as the principles of chemical reactions, aspects of the dot hazardous materials regulations, the chemistry of common elements, corrosive materials, water-reactive substances, toxic substances, oxidizers, hazardous organic compounds, polymeric materials, explosive materials and radioactive materials. For emergency responders, firefighters and others potentially involved with hazardous materials.
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Matter and Energy
Subdivisions of Matter
Principles of Chemical Reactions
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acetylene alcohol alkali metals aluminum ammonia atmosphere benzene Boiling point bromine Btu/lb burning cal/g calcium called carbon atoms carbon dioxide carbon disulfide carbon monoxide cause cellulose chemical formula chemical reaction chlorate Class combustion commercially common concentration contain corrosive materials D0T regulation decomposes decomposition detonation electrons elements ether ethylene example explosive limit exposure fire extinguishant fire fighters fires involving flame flammable liquid flash point fluorine following equation fuel gases Halon Halon agents hazardous materials heat hydrides hydrocarbons hydrogen chloride hydrogen cyanide hydrogen peroxide hydrogen sulfide hydroxide ignition industrial labeled lithium magnesium methane methyl mixture molecules neutrons nitric acid nitrogen nitroglycerin occurs organic compounds organic peroxides oxidizing agents oxygen percent perchloric phosphorus physical properties poison polymers potassium pressure radiation radioactive react reactive room temperature salts shipment skin sodium solution solvent spontaneously substance sulfur dioxide sulfuric acid tank thermal toxic valence Vapor density