Chief Loco: Apache Peacemaker

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University of Oklahoma Press, Dec 7, 2011 - Social Science - 376 pages

Winner of the 2011 New Mexico Book Award in the multi-cultural catagory

Jlin-tay-i-tith, better known as Loco, was the only Apache leader to make a lasting peace with both Americans and Mexicans. Yet most historians have ignored his efforts, and some Chiricahua descendants have branded him as fainthearted despite his well-known valor in combat. In this engaging biography, Bud Shapard tells the story of this important but overlooked chief against the backdrop of the harrowing Apache wars and eventual removal of the tribe from its homeland to prison camps in Florida, Alabama, and Oklahoma.

Tracing the events of Loco’s long tenure as a leader of the Warm Springs Chiricahua band, Shapard tells how Loco steered his followers along a treacherous path of unforeseeable circumstances and tragic developments in the mid-to-late 1800s. While recognizing the near-impossibility of Apache-American coexistence, Loco persevered in his quest for peace against frustrating odds and often treacherous U.S. government policy. Even as Geronimo, Naiche, and others continued their raiding and sought to undermine Loco’s efforts, this visionary chief, motivated by his love for children, maintained his commitment to keep Apache families safe from wartime dangers.

Based on extensive research, including interviews with Loco’s grandsons and other descendants, Shapard’s biography is an important counterview for historians and buffs interested in Apache history and a moving account of a leader ahead of his time.


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List of Illustrations Preface
In Search of a Good Peace
Chaos at Canada Alamosa
Forced to Tularosa
We Are Dyi_ng Here 6 The Ghosts of Tularosa
Gunfight at Victorios
Ghastly Scenes at Alisos Creek
ChizodIenetlns Escape 16 Returned to San Carlos
Loco Saves the Chihennes
Exiled to the East
Fort Marion Florida 18861887
Life at Fort Marion
Mount Vernon Alabama 18871894
The Dark Side of Mount Vernon

We Are Good Indians
A Run for Home
Final Removal from Oio Caliente 11 Locos Dilemma
The Loco Outbreak
Ambushed at Sierra Enmedio
Loco Died Causes Unknown

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About the author (2011)

Bud Shapard is retired as Chief of the Branch of Acknowledgment and Research in the Bureau of Indian Affairs. During his career he assisted more than 120 Indian tribes and conducted research on the history of the Chiricahua Apache and Tonto Apache Indians.