Chief Loco: Apache Peacemaker

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University of Oklahoma Press, Nov 26, 2012 - Biography & Autobiography - 376 pages
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Winner of the 2011 New Mexico Book Award in the multi-cultural catagory

Jlin-tay-i-tith, better known as Loco, was the only Apache leader to make a lasting peace with both Americans and Mexicans. Yet most historians have ignored his efforts, and some Chiricahua descendants have branded him as fainthearted despite his well-known valor in combat. In this engaging biography, Bud Shapard tells the story of this important but overlooked chief against the backdrop of the harrowing Apache wars and eventual removal of the tribe from its homeland to prison camps in Florida, Alabama, and Oklahoma.

Tracing the events of Loco’s long tenure as a leader of the Warm Springs Chiricahua band, Shapard tells how Loco steered his followers along a treacherous path of unforeseeable circumstances and tragic developments in the mid-to-late 1800s. While recognizing the near-impossibility of Apache-American coexistence, Loco persevered in his quest for peace against frustrating odds and often treacherous U.S. government policy. Even as Geronimo, Naiche, and others continued their raiding and sought to undermine Loco’s efforts, this visionary chief, motivated by his love for children, maintained his commitment to keep Apache families safe from wartime dangers.

Based on extensive research, including interviews with Loco’s grandsons and other descendants, Shapard’s biography is an important counterview for historians and buffs interested in Apache history and a moving account of a leader ahead of his time.

 

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Contents

Introduction
3
Chapter 1 Loco
7
Chapter 2 In Search of a Good Peace
22
Chapter 3 Chaos at Caņada Alamosa
32
Chapter 4 Forced to Tularosa
42
Chapter 5 We Are Dying Here
55
Chapter 6 The Ghosts of Tularosa
64
Chapter 7 Gunfight at Victorios
72
Chapter 14 Ghastly Scenes at Alisos Creek
176
Chapter 15 Chizodlenetlns Escape
187
Chapter 16 Returned to San Carlos
198
Chapter 14 Loco Saves the Chihennes
209
Chapter 18 Exiled to the East
219
Chapter 19 Fort Marion Florida 18861887
250
Chapter 20 Life at Fort Marion
259
Chapter 21 Mount Vernon Alabama 18871894
272

Chapter 8 We Are Good Indians
86
Chapter 9 A Run for Home
101
Chapter 10 Final Removal from Ojo Caliente
112
Chapter 11 Locos Dilemma
139
Chapter 12 The Loco Outbreak
152
Chapter 13 Ambushed at Sierra Enmedio
164
Chapter 22 The Dark Side of Mount Vernon
284
Chapter 23 Loco Died Causes Unknown
295
Notes
307
Bibliography
341
Index
351
Copyright

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About the author (2012)

Bud Shapard is retired as Chief of the Branch of Acknowledgment and Research in the Bureau of Indian Affairs. During his career he assisted more than 120 Indian tribes and conducted research on the history of the Chiricahua Apache and Tonto Apache Indians.