Child Care for Preschoolers: Differences by Child's Age
Rand Corporation, 1988 - Child care - 16 pages
Because of high rates of employment of mothers, a large and increasing number of preschool children receive regular care from someone else. This Note, reprinted from Demography, v. 25, May 1988, develops and tests hypotheses about the choice of child care arrangements for younger and older preschool children, using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Young Women. The authors argue that appropriate care depends on the age of the child. It includes care by the mother or a paid provider in the child's home for children aged 0-2 and mother care and nursery school or center care for those 3-5. They estimate models of the mother's employment and choice of child care separately for younger and older preschoolers. The results show that need for care, presence of substitutes for the mother, financial resources, and preferences all affect both full-time care by the mother and the type of child care chosen by working women, although they affect these two decisions in different ways.
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3-5 year olds ability to pay age group Age of youngest age-appropriate Availability of Formal black women Census center or nursery Central city child care arrangements child care choice child care chosen child's home Children 3-5 children aged 0-2 Coefficient is different college graduates day care centers Dependent Variables different from zero Duncan and Hill early childhood education effects of husband's family day home for younger hypothesized income effect increase Indicator Variables labor force Lehrer Log of husband's married black metropolitan statistical area models mother's employment mother's hours Mother's Labor Supply mothers of 0-2 National Longitudinal Survey nonrelatives number of children nursery school older children older preschoolers paid pay for child percent polytomous logit preschool children RAND Corporation regression sample sample mean significantly South Substitutes Table two-tailed test type of child U.S. Bureau unmarried wife's earnings wife's wages younger and older younger children younger preschoolers youngest child