Child language: the parametric approach
This is a systematic presentation of the parametric approach to child language. Linguistic theory seeks to specify the range of grammars permitted by the human language faculty and thereby to specify the child's "hypothesis space" during language acquisition. Theories of language variation have central implications for the study of child language, and vice versa. Yet the acquisitional predictions of such theories are seldom tested against attested data. This book aims to redress this neglect. It considers the nature of the information the child must acquire according to the various linguistic theories. In doing so it sets out in detail the practical aspects of acquisitional research, addresses the challenges of working with children of different ages, and shows how the resulting data can be used to test theories of grammatical variation. Particular topics examined in depth include the acquisition of syllable structure, empty categories, and wh-movement. The data sets on which the book draws are freely available to students and researchers via a website maintained by the author.
The book is written for scholars and students of child language acquisition in linguistics, psychology, and cognitive science. It will be a valuable reference for researchers in child language acquisition in all fields.
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A Brief Introduction
The View from Phonological Theory
The View from Childrens Spontaneous Speech
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acquisitional predictions adjectives age of acquisition approach attributive adjectives Binomial Test Bobaljik BoSkovic's branching rhymes Chapter child utterances children acquiring children's spontaneous speech concurrent acquisition constraints contingency table corpus correlation cross-linguistic variation determiner direct object discussed Distributed Morphology DP Parameter elicited production empty nucleus empty onsets endocentric epenthesis error types errors of comission evidence example f-test feature frequency Government Phonology grammatical conservatism grammatical knowledge Hence hypothesis inflectional input Japanese-style scrambling Koki language acquisition left-branch extraction lexical items lexicon licensing longitudinal corpora Maria Minimalist MLUm N-drop noun null subjects occur option overt P-stranding PARSE particle phonetically phonology pied-piping possible prepositional prepositional questions produce proposed provides relevant result Sarah second-language Section setting Snyder Spanish Spanish determiner statistical hypothesis testing syntax Table theta role tion transcripts treelets truth-value judgement uninterpretable V-NP-Particle verb verb-particle construction word order word-final word-initial s+C sequences