Children of the Russian state, 1917-95
The way society deals with its children and particularly children in need is one of the best indicators of the level of civilisation of that society. Much has been written about political events and economic issues in Russia, but little has been written of the care afforded to children in need.This study - based on research collected first-hand from policy-makers, academics and practitioners - helps fill that gap. It analyzes Russian child care and protection policies and practices in the last years of socialism and follows through their development to the present day. The study examines the effects of political and economic transformations on child welfare and discusses the emergence of new social problems such as child abuse. The capacity of current ambitious governmental reforms to protect children is assessed in the light of wider economic and political objectives. The emergence of social work is also charted and difficulties facing its development are identified. The study ends with a discussion of some of the obstacles which must be overcome if Russian society is to be able to protect its most vulnerable members in the year 2000.
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the individual first
Family support adoption fostering and residential
family support under Yeltsin
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administration age group agencies Brezhnev carers cent centres Chapter charity child abandonment child abuse child care policy child care services child protection child welfare children and families children in need children left children with disabilities children's homes children's inspectors divorce economic emerged establish family support fostercare funding glasnost Gorbachev guardianship important institutions international adoption Interview Juviler Khrushchev Komsomol kulak left without parental legislation levels major Ministry of Education Ministry of Social Moscow Moscow oblast mothers Nechaeva numbers of children organisations orphanages orphans Panov perestroika period placement policy makers political population poverty practice problems professional reform reported residential responsibility role roubles Russia Rybinskii schemes schools single parent social pedagogues Social Protection social services social welfare social welfare provision social workers socialist society Soviet Soviet Union St Petersburg staff Stalin strategy trends Unicef upbringing USSR VNIK vulnerable women Yeltsin young