Children's Work, Schooling, and Welfare in Latin America

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Westview Press, 2002 - Education - 284 pages
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From the 1980s through the 1990s, children in many areas of the world benefited from new opportunities to attend school, but they also faced new demands to support their families because of continuing and, for many, worsening poverty. Children's Work, Schooling, And Welfare In Latin America is a comparative study of children, ages 12-17, in three different Latin American societies. Using nationally-representative household surveys from Chile, Peru, and Mexico, and repeatedly over different survey years, David Post documents tendencies for children to become economically active, to remain in school, or to do both. The survey data analyzed illustrates the roles of family and regional poverty, and parental resources, in determining what children did with their time in each country. However, rather than to treat children's activities merely as demographic phenomena, or in isolation of the policy environment, Post also scrutinizes the international differences in education policies, labor law, welfare spending, and mobilization for children's rights. Children’s Work shows that child labor will not vanish of its own accord, nor follow a uniform path even within a common geographic region. Accordingly, there is a role for welfare policy and for popular mobilization. Post indicates that, even when children attend school, as in Peru or Mexico, many students will continue to work to support the family. If the consequence of their work is to impede their educational success, then schools will need to attend to a new dimension of inequality: that between part-time and full-time students.

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Contents

Policies And Realities For Working Children
1
The Nature And Politics Of Child Labor
44
The Norms And Institutions Of Education
94
Copyright

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About the author (2002)

David Post teaches and researches international children's education and welfare in the Department of Education Policy Studies at The Pennsylvania State University. With support from the Spencer and Ford Foundations, Post conducted this comparative case study of three Latin American societies. In addition to his work on child labor, Post has published studies on educational opportunity and access in Hong Kong and in California. Post has been a Fulbright-Hayes scholar, a Spencer Fellow, and worked as a visiting researcher in Peru, Mexico, and Hong Kong.

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