Children's Work, Schooling, and Welfare in Latin America
From the 1980s through the 1990s, children in many areas of the world benefited from new opportunities to attend school, but they also faced new demands to support their families because of continuing and, for many, worsening poverty. Children's Work, Schooling, And Welfare In Latin America is a comparative study of children, ages 12-17, in three different Latin American societies. Using nationally-representative household surveys from Chile, Peru, and Mexico, and repeatedly over different survey years, David Post documents tendencies for children to become economically active, to remain in school, or to do both. The survey data analyzed illustrates the roles of family and regional poverty, and parental resources, in determining what children did with their time in each country. However, rather than to treat children's activities merely as demographic phenomena, or in isolation of the policy environment, Post also scrutinizes the international differences in education policies, labor law, welfare spending, and mobilization for children's rights. Children’s Work shows that child labor will not vanish of its own accord, nor follow a uniform path even within a common geographic region. Accordingly, there is a role for welfare policy and for popular mobilization. Post indicates that, even when children attend school, as in Peru or Mexico, many students will continue to work to support the family. If the consequence of their work is to impede their educational success, then schools will need to attend to a new dimension of inequality: that between part-time and full-time students.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Policies And Realities For Working Children
The Nature And Politics Of Child Labor
The Norms And Institutions Of Education
6 other sections not shown
Other editions - View all
adults advocates attend school boys capita changes Chapter Chiapas chil child labor children's activities Chile Chilean Coefficient Convention 138 countries David Post decentralization differences domestic dren dren's economic activity educa effects employment enrollments exploitation Figure Fujimori full-time students full-time workers gender girls home workers household head Household head's income household survey human rights income quintile increased individual inequality International Labour Organization IPEC Latin America less Lima ment Mexican Mexico Mexico City Ministry Multinomial Logistic Regression NGOs numbers of children Oaxaca organizations parents part-time students percent period perspective Peru Peru's Peruvian political poor poorer poorest population poverty programs proportion protection rates reform regional responsibility rural areas rural children school attendance school full-time school participation secondary school siblings sibship social spending spouse Standard Error subventions teachers tion tional Trends UNICEF urban variables welfare World Bank