Chile

Front Cover
World Bank Publications, 1995 - Business & Economics - 182 pages
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Living Standards Measurement Study No. 113. This paper analyzes the extent to which workers in Bolivia face barriers to entry in the formal and informal sectors of the urban labor market. These barriers are most prevalent in the formal sector because of regulation. The higher wages found in the that sector are often regarded as evidence of labor market segmentation. However, wage differences between sectors may also result from compensating wage differentials, which follow from non-monetary returns to the job such as health insurance, utility associated with the workplace, and job security. The author proposes a model that allows testing for labor market segmentation between the two sectors on the basis of cross- sectional data. The methodology incorporates data on ways in which individuals search for new jobs and information about discouraged workers who have stopped searching for jobs. The proposed model accounts for all of the specific features of urban labor markets in developing countries, in particular the existence of a competitive informal sector.
 

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Contents

What can be expected if a successful disease prevention strategy is implemented?
86
Policy Issues Concerning Future Health Care Costs
87
CONTROLLING NONCOMMUNICABLE CONDITIONS1
89
Other measures
90
Principles and Recommended Actions
93
Health Promotion
94
Health Protection
97
Secondary and Tertiary Prevention
98
What are the Priority Health Interventions?
100
Policy Issues Concerning the Control of NonCommunicable Illnesses and Injuries
103
MANAGING HEALTH TECHNOLOGY IN CHILE1
105
Availability of advanced medical equipment in public hospitals
106
Comparison with the private sector
108
Ongoing investments
110
Role of Health Technology Assessment
111
What is health technology assessment TA?
112
Policy Issues Concerning Health Technology
115
COST CONTAINMENT STRATEGIES1
118
What are the Lessons from OECD Countries?
119
Micro Management of Demand
120
What has been the experience in Chile with micro management of demand?
122
Micro Management of Supply
125
What has been the experience in Chile with micro management of supply?
126
Macro Management of Demand
130
What has been the experience in Chile with macro management of demand?
132
What has been the experience in Chile with macro management of supply?
133
Policy Issues Concerning the Control of Health Care Costs
134
SUMMARY OF POLICY ISSUES AND RECOMMENDATIONS
142
Strengthening Health Promotion Disease Prevention and Health Protection Programs and Interventions
143
Technology Drugs and Personnel
146
Containing Health Care Costs
148
Enhancing the Regulation of Health Care
150
ANNEXES
153
SPECIFIC TRENDS IN MORTALITY AND SERVICE UTILIZATION FOR EACH MAJOR ILLNESS GROUP
154
METHODOLOGY USED FOR CALCULATING DISABILITYADJUSTED LIFE YEARS DALYs
180
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