China Naval Modernization: Implications for U. S. Navy Capabilities: Background and Issues for Congress
The question of how the United States should respond to China's military modernization effort, including its naval modernization effort, has emerged as a key issue in U.S. defense planning. The issue is of particular importance to the U.S. Navy, because many U.S. military programs for countering improved Chinese military forces would fall within the Navy's budget. Decisions that Congress and the executive branch make regarding U.S. Navy programs for countering improved Chinese maritime military capabilities could affect the likelihood or possible outcome of a potential U.S.-Chinese military conflict in the Pacific over Taiwan or some other issue. Some observers consider such a conflict to be very unlikely, in part because of significant U.S.-Chinese economic linkages and the tremendous damage that such a conflict could cause on both sides. In the absence of such a conflict, however, the U.S.-Chinese military balance in the Pacific could nevertheless influence day-to-day choices made by other Pacific countries, including choices on whether to align their policies more closely with China or the United States. In this sense, decisions that Congress and the executive branch make regarding U.S. Navy programs for countering improved Chinese maritime military forces could influence the political evolution of the Pacific, which in turn could affect the ability of the United States to pursue goals relating to various policy issues, both in the Pacific and elsewhere. China's naval modernization effort, which began in the 1990s, encompasses a broad array of weapon acquisition programs, including anti-ship ballistic missiles (ASBMs), submarines, and surface ships. China's naval modernization effort also includes reforms and improvements in areas such as maintenance and logistics, naval doctrine, personnel quality, education, training, and exercises.
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China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities ...
No preview available - 2014
Air Force aircraft carriers Alaskan panhandle anti-ship ballistic missiles argue assessing attack submarines ballistic missiles ballistic missiles ASBMs believe that China Bill Gertz boats China’s naval modernization Chinese military forces countering improved Chinese country’s CRS Report cruise missiles ASCMs CTOL displace distributed fleet architecture DOD CMP East China Sea emphasis to place entered service forces in coming frigates highly distributed fleet homeported I-class improved Chinese military Issues for Congress Jane’s Fighting Ships Japan Jiangkai land-based larger amphibious ships Littoral Combat Ship n/a n/a n/a n/af naval forces naval modernization effort November 17 nuclear-powered numbers numbers of ships observers believe Pacific Fleet PLA Navy place a relatively place on programs potential programs for countering projected Quadrennial Defense Review Russian-made sea lanes shipbuilding situation with Taiwan SONG-class Sovremenny-class destroyers SSBN SSNs surface combatant Taiwan tons total numbers Type U.S. and Chinese U.S. naval U.S. Navy weapons Western Pacific