China's Last Imperial Frontier: Late Qing Expansion in Sichuan's Tibetan Borderlands
China's Last Imperial Frontier explores imperial China's frontier expansion in the Tibetan borderlands during the last decades of the Qing. The empire mounted a series of military attacks against indigenous chieftaincies and Buddhist monasteriesin the east Tibetan region seeking to replace native authorities with state bureaucrats by redrawing the politically diverse frontier into a system of Chinese-style counties. Historically, at all the strategic frontier locations, the state had been for the most part outstripped by local institutions in political, military, and ideological strengths. With perceived threats from the Anglo-Russian Great Game accentuating Qing vulnerability in Tibet, the Sichuan government took advantage of the frontier crisis by encroaching upon local and Lhasa domains in Kham. Even though the Kham campaign was portrayed in Qing official discourse as a part of the nationwide reforms of New Policies (xinzheng) and administrative regularization (gaitu guiliu), its progress on the ground was influenced by the dynamics of interregional relations, including Sichuan s competition with central Tibet, power struggles among Qing frontier officials, and varied Khampa responses to the new regime. The growing regionalism intensified the resistance of local forces to imperial authority. Despite the uneven results of the late Qing campaign, it had come to serve as an important source of sovereignty claims and policy inspirations for the subsequent governments."
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Qing Discourse and Capability in Eastern Tibet
Frontier Society and Power
Lu Chuanlins Great Game in Nyarong
Frontier Incident and War Making
State Violence and Local Resistance The Kham War
Regularization Reconsidered Variants of Gaitu Guiliu in Northern Kham
Fashioning an Inner Region beyond the Pass
Other editions - View all
China's Last Imperial Frontier: Late Qing Expansion in Sichuan's Tibetan ...
Limited preview - 2011
administration amban areas army attack baozheng Batang Batang and Litang battalions Beijing Borderlands British Cambridge central Tibet century Ch’ing Chala Chengdu chieftain chieftaincy China proper Chinese corvée court cultural Dalai Lama Dartsendo defense Dege eastern Tibet emperor empire’s ethnic Fengquan frontier expansion gaitu guiliu Ganzi garrison Garze Gelugpa Gongshou grain Grand Council Guangxu emperor Harvard University History Ibid Imperial China India JJCD Kham Kham’s Khampas Lama’s land land reclamation late Qing Lhasa Lhasa government Litang Lu Chuanlin Lu’s Manchu memorial merchants military minzu monastic Mongol monks Nyarong Nyarong officials political provincial QCDS Qing empire Qing frontier Qing officials reclamation reform regional relations resistance revenue salt Sampeling Monastery schools shehui Sichu Sichuan Sichuan Frontier soldiers state’s strategic taels territory Tibetan tion trade troops Tsakalo tusi Wenhai xianzhi Xiliang Xizang yanjiu Youtai Yunnan Zang Zangzu ZECBZD Zhang Zhao Erfeng Zhao’s Zhongguo