Chinese Thought: An Introduction
Donald H. Bishop
Motilal Banarsidass Publ., 1995 - Philosophy - 483 pages
As China comes on the world stage again, people are increasingly becoming interested in the philosophies and philosophers of that ancient land. The Chinese philosophical tradition is a long and venerable one. It consists of several streams-Confucianism, Taoism, Mohism, Buddhism, Neo-Confucianism and post Neo-Confucianism. Their flow has been sustained by numerous personages-Confucius, Lao Tzu, Mo Tzu, Mencius, Hsun Tzu, Han Fei, Chou Tun-i, Chu Hsi, Wang Yang-ming and K'ang Yu-wei, to name but a few. This book deals with the basic views of those philosophers and their influence on Chinese history and culture. In no other country, perhaps, has philosophy had such a determinate influence. This may be a lesson in itself for the contemporary world in which people and nations in many instances wander aimlessly and hesitatingly, having cut themselves off from their traditional ground of being.
As teachnology continues to facilitate interaction between the people of the world, it becomes even more urgent and important that we understand, appreciate and accept each others' traditions and views of man and the world.
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basic become Book Buddhist Ch'an ch'i Ch'in Chan Chang Tsai chapter chih China Chinese culture Chinese Philosophy Chinese thought Chinese tradition Ching Chou Chou Tun-yi Chu Hsi Chuang Tzu concept concerned Confucian Confucianists Confucius Creel doctrine dynasty emphasized ethical evil existence external fate Fei Tzu Fung Yu-lan heaven and earth Hsun Tzu Hu Shih human Ibid individual intellectual intuition K'ang knowledge Lao Tzu Legalist/Administrative liang-chih lives man's material force means Mencius ment metaphysical mind Mo Tzu moral myriad things nature Neo-Confucianism Neo-Confucianists object one's original person political practice principle reality religion religious righteousness ruler sage scholars sense Shang Shen social society spirit statement Sung T'ang Tao Te Ching Taoist teaching theory thinkers tion translation truth Tzu's Ultimate unity universal love virtue Wang Yang-ming Wang Yang-ming's Western Wing-tsit yin and yang
Page 18 - A man of humanity, wishing to establish his own character, also establishes the character of others, and wishing to be prominent himself, also helps others to be prominent.
Page 33 - ... two profoundly different ways of knowing a thing. The first implies that we move round the object; the second that we enter into it. The first depends on the point of view at which we are placed and on the symbols by which we express ourselves. The second neither depends on a point of view nor relies on any symbol. The first kind of knowledge may be said to stop at the relative; the second, in those cases where it is possible, to attain the absolute.
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