Chinese naval strategy in the 21st century: the turn to Mahan

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Routledge, Sep 19, 2007 - History - 167 pages
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Alfred Thayer Mahan has been called America's nineteenth-century ?evangelist of sea power? and the intellectual father of the modern US Navy. His theories have a timeless appeal, and Chinese analysts now routinely invoke Mahan's writings, exhorting their nation to build a powerful navy. Economics is the prime motivation for maritime reorientation, and securing the sea lanes that convey foreign energy supplies and other commodities now ranks near or at the top of China's list of military priorities. This book is the first systematic effort to test the interplay between Western military thought and Chinese strategic traditions vis-a-vis the nautical arena. It uncovers some universal axioms about how theories of sea power influence the behaviour of great powers and examines how Mahanian thought could shape China's encounters on the high seas. Empirical analysis adds a new dimension to the current debate over China's ?rise? and its importance for international relations. The findings also clarify thepossible implications of China's maritime rise for the United States, and illuminate how the two powers can manage their bilateral interactions on the high seas. Chinese Naval Strategy in the 21st Century will be of much interest to students of naval history, Chinese politics and security studies.

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Contents

Mahanian seapower theory and history
11
China interprets Mahan
27
Chinas littoral dilemma
48
Copyright

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About the author (2007)

JAMES R. HOLMES is Senior Research Associate at the University of Georgia Center for International Trade and Security. A former naval officer, he served in the engineering and weapons departments in the battleship Wisconsin, taught at the Naval War College, and is a combat veteran of Desert Shield and Desert Storm. He is the author of Theodore Roosevelt and World Order: Police Power in International Relations (2006; paperback, 2007) and the co-author of Chinese Naval Strategy in the 21st Century: The Turn to Mahan (forthcoming 2007).

Toshi Yashihara is a research fellow and a resident specialist on Asian regional security at the Institute for Foreign Policy Analysis.