Choice and Coercion: Birth Control, Sterilization, and Abortion in Public Health and Welfare, Volume 2
In August 2003, North Carolina became the first U.S. state to offer restitution to victims of state-ordered sterilizations carried out by its eugenics program between 1929 and 1975. The decision was prompted by newspaper stories based on the research of Johanna Schoen, who was granted unique access to summaries of 7,500 case histories and the papers of the North Carolina Eugenics Board. In this book, Schoen situates the state's reproductive politics in a national and global context. Widening her focus to include birth control, sterilization, and abortion policies across the nation, she demonstrates how each method for limiting unwanted pregnancies had the potential both to expand and to limit women's reproductive choices. Such programs overwhelmingly targeted poor and nonwhite populations, yet they also extended a measure of reproductive control to poor women that was previously out of reach. On an international level, the United States has influenced reproductive health policies by, for example, tying foreign aid to the recipients' compliance with U.S. notions about double-edged sword, offering unprecedented opportunities to poor women while subjecting foreign patients to medical experimentation that would be considered unacceptable at home. Drawing on the voices of health and science professionals, civic benefactors, and the women themselves, Schoen's study allows deeper understandings of the modern welfare state and the lives of American women. Johanna Schoen is assistant professor of history and women's studies at the University of Iowa.
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15 June 20 April 25 July abortion law abortion reform Abortionist African American apology argued August bill birth control clinics birth control programs Briggs CC-SHC Chapel Hill child CJG-CML Clarence Gamble Compulsory Sterilization contraceptive County CPC-UNC December Devices and Desires EB-NCSA eugenic sterilization Eugenics Board family planning programs foam powder folder Gamble Gender HBL-SHC health officials health professionals Hearing Hendricks History Hospital Hulka interview January June Kuralt legislators mainland March Margaret Sanger Maternal Mental Morehead MS-SSC NCSA North Carolina November participation patients percent Petchesky physicians Planned Parenthood policies Politics Poor Women population control PPFA-SSC pregnancy public health Public Welfare Puerto Rican Puerto Rican women Race Raleigh Ramusack Reagan reel Reproducing Empire reproductive control reproductive health reproductive rights Rico September sexual social workers SS-NCSA steriliza Takey Crist TCP-DUWA therapeutic abortion tion University of North University Press Winston-Salem Journal woman women’s health women’s reproductive Woodside