Chomskys "mentalistischer Spracherwerbsmechanismus" vs. Bloomfields bzw. Skinners "Behaviorismus"
GRIN Verlag, 2010 - 24 pages
Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 1995 im Fachbereich Deutsch - Deutsch als Fremdsprache / Zweitsprache, Note: 2,0, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universitat Bonn (Sprachlernzentrum), Veranstaltung: Proseminar Spracherwerb und Sprachverlust, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: There are two basic theories for language acquisition. Noam Chomsky's theory, which is believed people have a basic pattern of learning language inside of their brain since they were born. On the other hand, B. F. Skinner's theory which is believed people have to be taught how to speak by someone for language acquisition. People usually don't remember how they learned to speak, but everybody usually speaks their first language without any problems, some children even speak more than two languages naturally. Language is a unique system which only humans have, however, if it's correct rules or grammars of language people might have to study. There also seems to be critical period for learning language. Chomsky says "human brain contains a language acquisition device (LAD) which automatically analyzes the components of speech a child hears." The human brain has special function, unlikely animals; that's why only humans speak languages. Learning a language for a human is very easy because the human brain already contains the ability of language, so even children start to speak language naturally in their early age. According to Skinner's theory even young children speak language without learning, but they often make mistakes in their speech. While they are growing, their number of mistakes in their speech decreases. They are learning how to speak, so in this case some part of Skinner's theory is also correct. In conclusion, until people reach critical period of learning language, people learn their language automatically without being taught because of their innate ability of language. Nevertheless, the ability of language has to be activated in the first place"
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2.2 Chomskys 3.2.1 Die Sternsche 3.2.4 Skinners Sanktionstheorie 3.2.5 Chomskys Rückbesinnung 22.214.171.124 Kommunikationskompetenz abgedruckt in Fodor/Katz ability of language Apfel Aspekte der Syntaxtheorie B.F. Skinner Behavioristen believed people Beschreibung Biological Foundations ofLanguage Bloomfields bzw Buch Verbal Cartesian Linguistics 1966 Chomsky Chomskys mentalistischer Spracherwerbsmechanismus Chomskys unsozialer critical period Denken Descartes E.H. Lenneberg englisch Ersatzreaktionen Experimente Foundations ofLanguage 1967 G.A. Miller generativen Grammatik human brain Hypothesen J.McV John Lyons Kernsatz Kindersprache kindliche Sprachentwicklung Kognition Kognition von Tiefenstrukturen Kommunikationsmodell kommunikativen Kompetenz Konditionierung Konvergenz L.A. Jakobovitz language acquisition learning language Lewis Linguistik M.S. Miron McNeill Menschen menschlichen Motor Skill New York/London Performanz Pre-verbal Experience Preliminaries to Psycholinguistics Prozess Psychologen Psychologie Psychology ofLanguage Rückbesinnung auf Originäres S’s und R’s schöpferisch Semantik Skinner’s theory Skinners Behaviorismus speak language Sprache und Geist Sprachentwicklung als Reifeprozess Spracherwerb Sprachkompetenz sprachliche Abstraktion Sprachverhalten Sprachverwendung Sprachwissenschaft Strukturalismus Syntactic Structures Syntax Transformationen Transformationskette angeborener Tiefenstrukturen Verbal Behavior Verhalten Verstärkung Wiley/New York